Australia, Antarctica, & Pacific Islands Geography Quiz

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Question 1
If you were travelling from Australia to Antarctica, you would travel

A
East
B
North
C
South
D
West
Question 1 Explanation: 
The thing to remember is that Antarctica is south of everywhere.
Question 2
If you were travelling from Australia to New Zealand, you would travel

A
Northeast
B
Northwest
C
Southeast
D
Southwest
Question 2 Explanation: 
New Zealand is Australia’s southeastern neighbor.
Question 3
If you were travelling from Australia to Polynesia, you would travel

A
Northeast
B
Northwest
C
Southeast
D
Southwest
Question 3 Explanation: 
The Pacific islands are grouped into three regions—Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Polynesia has more than one thousand islands. Some are sovereign and some are not.
Question 4
Australia’s largest climate zone is

A
Desert
B
Grassland
C
Temperate forests
D
Tropical rainforests
Question 4 Explanation: 
About one-fifth of Australia is desert, which makes desert that country’s largest climate zone.
Question 5
New Zealand is mostly

A
Grassy plains
B
Mountainous
C
Temperate forests
D
Tropical rainforests
Question 5 Explanation: 
New Zealand is mountainous. Herding is part of the traditional way of life.
Question 6
The Pacific islands were created by

A
Corals
B
Earthquakes
C
Tsunamis
D
Volcanic eruptions
Question 6 Explanation: 
Like New Zealand, the Pacific islands were created by volcanic eruptions. Many still have active volcanoes.
Question 7
How did the first people probably get to Australia?

A
They came from the southern tip of Africa
B
They sailed from nearby Pacific islands
C
They traveled by sea or land bridge from Asia
D
They migrated from inland areas to the coasts
Question 7 Explanation: 
Either or both theories may be correct. A land bridge may have formed during the ice age.
Question 8
Polynesians probably migrated from Asia by

A
Outrigger canoes
B
Rowboats
C
Sailboats
D
Walking
Question 8 Explanation: 
An outrigger canoe is a large canoe with additional floatation devices (outriggers) that make it possible to stay afloat in the ocean. Sails are used to increase speed.
Question 9
The first Europeans to settle Australia were

A
Convicts
B
Gold prospectors
C
Oil prospectors
D
Sheep farmers
Question 9 Explanation: 
Australia was a penal colony. British courts gave convicted felons a choice in the nineteenth century—go to an inhumane prison or become a farmer in Australia.
Question 10
What event most directly affected the destruction of Aborigine culture?

A
Assisted migration
B
The discovery of gold
C
The Vietnam War
D
World War II
Question 10 Explanation: 
Assisted migration was the Australian equivalent of the American policy of forcing Native Americans to live on reservations.
Question 11
How could the Aborigines be described today?

A
Completely extinct
B
Small and declining
C
Small but growing
D
At a near-record size
Question 11 Explanation: 
Like Native Americans, the population of Aborigines is much smaller today than when Europeans arrived, but both peoples are growing in numbers.
Question 12
What challenge is posed by fragmented countries?

A
Accessing news on the Internet
B
Learning a common language
C
Trading with foreign countries
D
Unifying their people
Question 12 Explanation: 
Because fragmented countries, like Indonesia and other Pacific island countries are separated by water, their people may not see themselves as having anything in common. That perception makes it hard to unify people.
Question 13
How does the Australia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) benefit its member countries?

A
It encourages Pacific island nations to trade only with each other
B
It helps member countries form successful trade relationships
C
It regulates tariffs on trades among all the member countries
D
It helps the countries to compete against each other for trade
Question 13 Explanation: 
APEC promotes free and trade, intraregional investment, regional economic integration, and a favorable and sustainable business environment.
Question 14
Native Australian plants are being destroyed by

A
Dingoes
B
Drought
C
Pesticides
D
Rabbits
Question 14 Explanation: 
Rabbits were accidentally introduced by Europeans in the nineteenth century. Having few natural predators in Australia, they bred rapidly and became wild animals, destroying native plants throughout Australia. They are considered a major environmental threat.
Question 15
The Great Barrier Reef is being destroyed by

A
Global warming
B
Pollution
C
Tourists
D
All of the above
Question 15 Explanation: 
The Great Barrier Reef is dying and may soon be lost due to environmental changes and poisoning of the water caused by all three of these.
Question 16
What is one benefit of adventure tourism to the countries in the region?

A
It helps visitors understand the local cultures
B
It is good for the environment
C
It brings money to a broad range of workers
D
It encourages cultural diversity
Question 16 Explanation: 
Adventure travel is a type of niche tourism, involving exploration or travel in an unusual, exotic, remote, or wilderness destination. It brings in foreign money (C), but can be bad for the environment (B), though it does not have to be. Typically, there is no cultural exchange involved (A) and (D).
Question 17
What important function does storytelling serve in Polynesian cultures?

A
It is used to pass down traditions
B
It preserves Polynesian languages
C
It helps children become multilingual
D
It is an important part of formal education
Question 17 Explanation: 
Oral history is an important part of Polynesian culture.
Question 18
What is true of the continent of Antarctica?

A
It is warmer than the Arctic
B
Most of its population lives on the coast
C
Its plants and animals are endangered species
D
It is dryer, windier, and higher than any other continent
Question 18 Explanation: 
Antarctica is very dry because it is too cold for precipitation. It is also very windy, and has a very high elevation even in areas that are not mountainous.
Question 19
Which statement best reflects the aim of the Antarctic Treaty?

A
It requires countries to jointly share natural resources
B
It sets up procedures to divide the continent among countries
C
It declares that Antarctica is to be used for science, not for war
D
It declares that there should be no limits on human activity in Antarctica
Question 19 Explanation: 
Though some countries have claimed parts of Antarctica, no one has colonized it because it is too cold and has no way to grow food, which rules out (B) and (D). Likewise, mining (A) would be difficult. It is to be used for scientific purposed only (C).
Question 20
Where does America’s day begin?

A
Alaska
B
Melanesia
C
Micronesia
D
Polynesia
Question 20 Explanation: 
Alaska is the eastern most state in the Union because it crosses into the western hemisphere. However, it is not the U.S. territory that is immediately west of the International Date Line, which is where the day begins. That location belongs to Wake Island, which is part of Micronesia. Wake Island’s motto is “Where America’s Day Really Begins.” The island is administered by the U.S. Airforce. Less than one hundred people live there, and access to the island is restricted. Hawaii and Guam are Polynesian islands. The U.S. has no territories in Melanesia.
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