Central America & Caribbean Geography Quiz

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Question 1
The Caribbean islands are an example of a(n)

A
Aquifer
B
Archipelago
C
Isthmus
D
Peninsula
Question 1 Explanation: 
An archipelago is a cluster of islands.
Question 2
Panama is an example of a(n)

A
Aquifer
B
Archipelago
C
Isthmus
D
Peninsula
Question 2 Explanation: 
An isthmus is a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land masses, in this case North America and South America.
Question 3
An underground pool of water is a(n)

A
Aquifer
B
Archipelago
C
Isthmus
D
Peninsula
Question 3 Explanation: 
Pollution of aquifers is a major environmental problem in Central America.
Question 4
Which of the following is the first step in a volcanic eruption?

A
Magma rises through cracks or weaknesses in the earth’s crust.
B
Pressure builds up inside the Earth
C
Magma explodes to the surface
D
Tectonic plates move
Question 4 Explanation: 
The correct order is (A), (B), (D), and (C).
Question 5
Which of the following are found on the island of Hispaniola?

A
Dominican Republic and Haiti
B
Dominican Republic and Jamaica
C
Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico
D
Haiti and Jamaica
Question 5 Explanation: 
Hispaniola has two countries. Haiti is in the west, and the Dominican Republic is in the east.
Question 6
Which of the following is furthest north?

A
El Salvador
B
Guatemala
C
Nicaragua
D
Panama
Question 6 Explanation: 
Guatemala is immediately south of Mexico.
Question 7
Which of the following is furthest south?

A
El Salvador
B
Guatemala
C
Nicaragua
D
Panama
Question 7 Explanation: 
Panama is immediately north of Columbia and immediately south of Costa Rica.
Question 8
Most of Central America and the Caribbean were colonized by

A
England
B
France
C
Portugal
D
Spain
Question 8 Explanation: 
Almost all of Central America and the Caribbean were colonized by Spain. Portugal colonized Brazil, which is in South America.
Question 9
Most people in Central America and the Caribbean are

A
Baptist
B
Pentecostal
C
Presbyterian
D
Roman Catholic
Question 9 Explanation: 
Spain was overwhelmingly Catholic, and Spanish missionaries brought their religion to Native Americans.
Question 10
Which of the following countries is English-speaking?

A
Belize
B
Cuba
C
Haiti
D
Panama
Question 10 Explanation: 
Belize is one of the few countries in the region not colonized by the Spanish. It was colonized by the English.
Question 11
In the sixteenth century, what effect did the presence of Europeans in the Americas have on the indigenous population of the Americas?

A
The population increased slowly because of new economic opportunities
B
The population remained about the same because few Europeans moved there
C
The population decreased slowly due to increased competition for land
D
The population decreased dramatically with the introduction of new diseases
Question 11 Explanation: 
Smallpox and measles were particularly viral. The Native American population declined by millions.
Question 12
How did the Columbian Exchange affect life in Europe?

A
It caused crop shortages
B
It increased food variety
C
It made diets less healthy
D
It made the population shrink
Question 12 Explanation: 
New foods included corn, peanuts, peppers, potatoes, squash, and sweet potatoes.
Question 13
Why was the Panama Canal built?

A
To link the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
B
To decrease transportation time
C
To increase trade
D
All of the above
Question 13 Explanation: 
France began the initial work on the Panama Canal in 1881. The United States took over the work in 1904 and completed the canal in 1914.
Question 14
Which of the following countries exports the most bananas?

A
Costa Rica
B
Dominican Republic
C
El Salvador
D
Honduras
Question 14 Explanation: 
Costa Rica exports more bananas than any other country in Central America. Ecuador is the world's largest exporter of bananas.
Question 15
Which of the following types of agriculture has led to deforestation?

A
Commercial
B
Organic
C
Subsistence
D
Sustainable
Question 15 Explanation: 
Subsistence agriculture feeds only a family with perhaps a slight bit more for trade. Sustainable agriculture protects the environment, and organic agriculture uses sustainable methods. Rainforests must be cleared to provide the vast tracts of land required for large-scale commercial agriculture.
Question 16
Which of the following is least attractive for tourists?

A
Belize
B
Jamaica
C
Guatemala
D
Puerto Rico
Question 16 Explanation: 
Guatemala has been plagued by poverty and unstable governments and does not attract tourists.
Question 17
Which of the following is an example of ecotourism?

A
Rain forest canopy tours
B
Resort canals
C
Swordfish fishing
D
Time-share condominiums
Question 17 Explanation: 
Ecotourism is directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural environments, especially to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife. Swordfish fishing reduces the swordfish population. Canals and condominiums are man-made, not in the natural environment.
Question 18
Which of the following countries has capitalized the most on ecotourism?

A
Costa Rica
B
Cuba
C
Honduras
D
Nicaragua
Question 18 Explanation: 
Cuba has a significant tourist business, but it is not as involved in the field of ecotourism as Costa Rica. Also, until recently, the United States government has not allowed American tourists to visit Cuba. Honduras and Nicaragua have been plagued by poverty and unstable governments.
Question 19
Which of the following has a Communist government?

A
El Salvador
B
Cuba
C
Haiti
D
Panama
Question 19 Explanation: 
Cuba has had a Communist government since 1959, when Fidel Castro overthrew the previous authoritarian regime.
Question 20
You want to go on vacation but do not want to leave the United States. Where do you go?

A
Belize
B
Jamaica
C
Puerto Rico
D
Panama
Question 20 Explanation: 
Puerto Rico is a not a state but it is a commonwealth of the United States. Its people are American citizens, and you may travel there without a passport because you are still technically in the United States.
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