Culture & Ethnicity Quiz

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Question 1
A repetitive act performed by a group is a

A
Cultural trait
B
Custom
C
Habit
D
Ritual
Question 1 Explanation: 
Habits are repetitive acts performed by individuals; customs are repetitive acts performed by groups. A culture is the sum total of all customs that have been performed over many years.
Question 2
Jeans originated in the United States but are now popular all over the world. Jeans are an example of

A
Ethnic culture
B
Folk culture
C
Material culture
D
National culture
Question 2 Explanation: 
Jeans are part of material culture because they are physical and can be bought and sold.
Question 3
The origins of folk culture are

A
Often unknown
B
Usually tied to religion
C
Rooted in popular culture
D
Found only in less-developed countries
Question 3 Explanation: 
The origins of folk culture go back so far into the past that their origins are often lost. Folk culture is sometimes tied to religion but often not. It is never rooted in popular culture. It is found in countries of various levels of economic development.
Question 4
Most popular culture originates in

A
More-developed countries
B
Less-developed countries
C
Recently-developed countries
D
Countries in the Eastern Hemisphere
Question 4 Explanation: 
Popular culture, including food, clothes, and entertainment, is expensive by global standards and therefore usually originates in more-developed countries.
Question 5
Compared to popular culture, folk culture

A
Changes rapidly over time
B
Diffuses rapidly across space
C
Is quickly adopted by young people
D
Represents traditional values
Question 5 Explanation: 
Popular culture changes and diffuses rapidly. Young people adopt popular culture over traditional values.
Question 6
Compared to folk culture, popular culture

A
Is less likely to change than folk culture
B
Diffuses trough relocation
C
Encourages linguistic diversity
D
Promotes uniform consumption of material goods
Question 6 Explanation: 
People all over the world increasingly eat the same food, wear the same clothes, and are entertained by the same media.
Question 7
Spectator sports, such as baseball or soccer,

A
Have consistently been tied to folk culture
B
Have consistently been part of popular culture
C
Began as folk culture but are now part of national popular cultures
D
Began as folk culture but are now part of international popular cultures
Question 7 Explanation: 
Baseball and soccer evolved from folk games in the United States and England and are now popular all over the world.
Question 8
People’s preference for pasta in Italy or rice in southeast Asia represents

A
Culture
B
Environmental determinism
C
Habits
D
Taboos
Question 8 Explanation: 
Wheat grows well in Italy. Italy also has few trees compared to northern Europe. Pasta is made from wheat and requires little cooking/firewood. Rice grows well in southeast Asia because of frequent rain.
Question 9
Folk songs are more likely than popular songs to be

A
Transmitted via the internet
B
Performed on Western instruments
C
About food, natural disasters, or seasonal events
D
Played in dance clubs in less-developed countries
Question 9 Explanation: 
Folk music is typically about naturally-occurring phenomena. All other choices relate to popular culture.
Question 10
Which of the following pairs is incorrect as it relates to traditional Native American housing?

A
Alaska—igloos
B
Eastern Woodland—wigwams
C
Great Plains—grass huts
D
Southwest—adobe
Question 10 Explanation: 
Native Americans used what was around them to construct their homes. Great Plains Native Americans made teepees out of buffalo hides.
Question 11
The cape cod style of homes originates in

A
New England
B
The mid-Atlantic
C
The southeast
D
The Great Lakes
Question 11 Explanation: 
As the name implies, cape cods originate in New England near Cape Cod. They are now very popular in the Great Lakes region but did not originate there.
Question 12
Which of the following best describes a people bound together by common ancestry and cultural traditions?

A
Clan
B
Ethnicity
C
Family
D
Nationality
Question 12 Explanation: 
Ethnicity, race, and nationality are often confused. Race is biological and sociological. Ethnicity is cultural.
Question 13
Which of the following best describes a people bound together by common citizenship?

A
Clan
B
Ethnicity
C
Family
D
Nationality
Question 13 Explanation: 
Nationality is often confused with ethnicity. “American” is a nationality. German-American, African American, and Mexican American are examples of American ethnicities.
Question 14
Someone who values ethnicity more than nationality reflects

A
Ethnonationalism
B
Ethnic pride
C
Patriotism
D
Racism
Question 14 Explanation: 
People can show their ethnic pride without putting their ethnicity ahead of their nationality and without being racist. Patriotism is a synonym for nationalism.
Question 15
Centripetal forces

A
Bring people together
B
Divide people
C
Can lead to Balkanization
D
Are common in shatter belts
Question 15 Explanation: 
Centripetal forces bring people together and may involve elements of nationalism. All the other choices are centrifugal forces.
Question 16
Which of the following is a centrifugal force?

A
Charismatic leaders
B
Linguistic homogeneity
C
The internet
D
Uneven development
Question 16 Explanation: 
Uneven development can create economic differences that weaken the bonds of a society.
Question 17
The largest minority group in the United States is

A
African Americans
B
Asian Americans
C
Latinos
D
Native Americans
Question 17 Explanation: 
Latinos make up nearly 18 percent of the American population. African Americans make up slightly more than 13 percent of the population. About 61 percent of the American population is white.
Question 18
Asian Americans tend to cluster

A
On the east coast
B
On the west coast
C
In the Deep South
D
Around the Great Lakes
Question 18 Explanation: 
Asian Americans cluster on the west coast because of distance decay—the west coast is closest to Asia.
Question 19
The rigid separation of the races in South Africa was called

A
Apartheid
B
Balkanization
C
Discrimination
D
Segregation
Question 19 Explanation: 
South Africa’s race laws went beyond discrimination and segregation. It existed in South Africa from 1948 until 1991.
Question 20
What is the significance of the Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka?

A
It ended racial segregation in the United States
B
It ended racial segregation in the South
C
It declared racial segregation in schools unconstitutional
D
It mandated racial integration in schools across the United States
Question 20 Explanation: 
Brown declared racial segregation in schools unconstitutional, but racial segregation in schools and elsewhere continued after the Brown decision. It took several more court decisions and changes in law to induce racial integration.
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