Development Quiz

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Which is the least developed region among the following?

A
Central America
B
Eastern Europe
C
South America
D
Subsaharan Africa
Question 1 Explanation: 
Eastern Europe is most developed, and Subsaharan Africa is least developed.
Question 2
A country’s overall economic performance is usually measured by

A
GDP
B
GII
C
HDI
D
Life expectancy
Question 2 Explanation: 
Gross Domestic Product is the sum total of all goods and services produced in a country in a year.
Question 3
Which of the following is not a component of HDI?

A
Access to knowledge
B
Female empowerment
C
Length and health of life
D
Standard of living
Question 3 Explanation: 
Female empowerment is part of the Gender Inequality Index, not the Human Development Index.
Question 4
Wholesale and retail sales are what level of economic activity?

A
Primary
B
Secondary
C
Tertiary
D
Quarternary
Question 4 Explanation: 
Primary sector activities involve the acquisition of raw materials; secondary economic activities are in manufacturing; tertiary activities are in sales; and quaternary activities track those sales.
Question 5
HDI has a positive correlation with all of the following except

A
Consumer goods sold
B
Life expectancy
C
Literacy rate
D
Percentage of people engaged in primary economic activities
Question 5 Explanation: 
The larger the percentage of people engaged in primary economic activities, the lower the standard of living. Those jobs require long hours in all types of weather and do not generate much income compared to other jobs.
Question 6
Economic productivity is

A
Total goods produced
B
Total services produced
C
Total goods and services produced
D
Total goods and services produced relative to time and money invested
Question 6 Explanation: 
For example, student A may read a chapter in an AP Human Geography study guide in an hour. Student B read the same chapter in three hours because she was also listening to music, texting a friend, and eating snacks. Student A was more productive.
Question 7
GII is composed of all of the following except

A
The infant mortality rate
B
The adolescent fertility rate
C
The ratio of working women to working men
D
The percentage of seats held by women in the national legislature
Question 7 Explanation: 
While a high infant morality rate indicate poor health, it is not a formal part of the Gender Inequality Index.
Question 8
In which of the following countries has access to women’s reproductive health services declined since 1990?

A
Britain
B
Canada
C
India
D
United States
Question 8 Explanation: 
The United States has increased restrictions on abortion and birth control since the 1990s.
Question 9
At current rates of consumption, which of the following will last the longest?

A
Coal
B
Natural gas
C
Oil
D
Petroleum
Question 9 Explanation: 
Oil and petroleum are the same thing. At current rates of consumption, supplies of oil and natural gas will be largely depleted before the end of the century. Coal will last into the mid-twenty-second century. Of course consumption rates will decline if there is a substantial increase in the use of renewable energy.
Question 10
When was the OPEC energy crisis?

A
1960s
B
1970s
C
1980s
D
1990s
Question 10 Explanation: 
OPEC limited oil exports to the United States due to the U.S. government’s support of Israel during the Arab-Israeli war.
Question 11
Which of the following is an example of ecotourism?

A
Costal resorts in Jamaica
B
Ski resorts in Switzerland
C
Aquariums in the United States
D
Rainforest canopy tours in Costa Rica
Question 11 Explanation: 
Choices A, B, and C disrupt the natural environment.
Question 12
A country that has a developed infrastructure and is experiencing industrialization for the first time is in which of the following stages of Rostow’s Stages of Economic Growth?

A
Pre-conditions of take-off
B
Take-off
C
Drive to maturity
D
Age of mass consumption
Question 12 Explanation: 
Countries in the pre-conditions for take-off stage build roads, bridges, airports, seaports, and other infrastructure in preparation for heavy industrialization in the take-off stage.
Question 13
Which of the following Rostow Stages usually has the highest rate of energy consumption per capita?

A
Pre-conditions of take-off
B
Take-off
C
Drive to maturity
D
Age of mass consumption
Question 13 Explanation: 
Countries such as the United States, which are in the final stage of development, consume the most energy.
Question 14
When comparing the demographic transition model to Rostow’s model, which of the following pairs is incorrect?

A
Stage 1—traditional
B
Stage 2—pre-conditions for take-off
C
Stage 3—drive to maturity
D
Stage 4—age of mass consumption
Question 14 Explanation: 
Stage 2 of Rostow is still in Stage 1 of the demographic transition. A country does not enter Stage 2 of the demographic transition until in actually industrializes.
Question 15
Which of the following illustrates flaws in Rostow’s model?

A
Inequalities between core countries and periphery countries
B
The health of communist economies in the latter days of the Cold War
C
Changes in the South Asian standard of living in the twenty-first century
D
Changes in the South American standard of living in the twenty-first century
Question 15 Explanation: 
Rostow assumes that all countries are interacting with each other on an equal playing field. Communist economies have never been as strong as capitalist economies. South Asia and South America both have booming economies due to international trade.
Question 16
The core and periphery are most frequently associated with

A
Burgess’s concentric zone model
B
Harris’ and Ulman’s multiple nuclei model
C
Von Thünen’s land-use model
D
Wallerstein’s World System Theory
Question 16 Explanation: 
Core countries have economic power over periphery countries according to Wallerstein.
Question 17
Which of the following are known as the Four Asian Tigers?

A
China, Japan, Taiwan, and Vietnam
B
China, India, Japan, and South Korea
C
India, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam
D
Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan
Question 17 Explanation: 
The Four Asian Tigers are the four countries or cities that industrialized first and made to most progress in the second half of the twentieth century.
Question 18
Compared to countries that engage in international trade, countries that isolate themselves from world trade usually have higher

A
Poverty rates
B
Use of renewable energy
C
Levels of political liberty
D
Levels of scientific research
Question 18 Explanation: 
Countries that isolate themselves, such as North Korea, have high poverty rates because they have no markets, other than domestic ones, in which to sell their goods.
Question 19
Which of the following is most directly associated with loaning money to developing countries?

A
The IMF and NAFTA
B
The IMF and World Bank
C
The IMF and WTO
D
The World Bank and WTO
Question 19 Explanation: 
NAFTA is a free-trade agreement between the Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The World Trade Organization sets standard for international trade but does not make loans.
Question 20
Which of the following is criticized for destroying the economies of developing countries?

A
Fair trade
B
Free trade
C
Microfinance
D
Structural adjustment programs
Question 20 Explanation: 
Structural adjustment programs are the “strings” that come attached with foreign loans. They typically require the less-developed country to accept foreign investment and foreign business that then lower and eliminate sales from domestic businesses, ultimately destroying the domestic economy and making the less-developed country completely dependent on the more-developed country.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 20 questions to complete.
List
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
1112131415
1617181920
End
Return

 
 

Next Unit Quiz

Services >