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Which is the least developed region among the following?
Question 1 Explanation:
Eastern Europe is most developed, and Subsaharan Africa is least developed.
A country’s overall economic performance is usually measured by
Question 2 Explanation:
Gross Domestic Product is the sum total of all goods and services produced in a country in a year.
Which of the following is not a component of HDI?
Access to knowledge
Length and health of life
Standard of living
Question 3 Explanation:
Female empowerment is part of the Gender Inequality Index, not the Human Development Index.
Wholesale and retail sales are what level of economic activity?
Question 4 Explanation:
Primary sector activities involve the acquisition of raw materials; secondary economic activities are in manufacturing; tertiary activities are in sales; and quaternary activities track those sales.
HDI has a positive correlation with all of the following except
Consumer goods sold
Percentage of people engaged in primary economic activities
Question 5 Explanation:
The larger the percentage of people engaged in primary economic activities, the lower the standard of living. Those jobs require long hours in all types of weather and do not generate much income compared to other jobs.
Economic productivity is
Total goods produced
Total services produced
Total goods and services produced
Total goods and services produced relative to time and money invested
Question 6 Explanation:
For example, student A may read a chapter in an AP Human Geography study guide in an hour. Student B read the same chapter in three hours because she was also listening to music, texting a friend, and eating snacks. Student A was more productive.
GII is composed of all of the following except
The infant mortality rate
The adolescent fertility rate
The ratio of working women to working men
The percentage of seats held by women in the national legislature
Question 7 Explanation:
While a high infant morality rate indicate poor health, it is not a formal part of the Gender Inequality Index.
In which of the following countries has access to women’s reproductive health services declined since 1990?
Question 8 Explanation:
The United States has increased restrictions on abortion and birth control since the 1990s.
At current rates of consumption, which of the following will last the longest?
Question 9 Explanation:
Oil and petroleum are the same thing. At current rates of consumption, supplies of oil and natural gas will be largely depleted before the end of the century. Coal will last into the mid-twenty-second century. Of course consumption rates will decline if there is a substantial increase in the use of renewable energy.
When was the OPEC energy crisis?
Question 10 Explanation:
OPEC limited oil exports to the United States due to the U.S. government’s support of Israel during the Arab-Israeli war.
Which of the following is an example of ecotourism?
Costal resorts in Jamaica
Ski resorts in Switzerland
Aquariums in the United States
Rainforest canopy tours in Costa Rica
Question 11 Explanation:
Choices A, B, and C disrupt the natural environment.
A country that has a developed infrastructure and is experiencing industrialization for the first time is in which of the following stages of Rostow’s Stages of Economic Growth?
Pre-conditions of take-off
Drive to maturity
Age of mass consumption
Question 12 Explanation:
Countries in the pre-conditions for take-off stage build roads, bridges, airports, seaports, and other infrastructure in preparation for heavy industrialization in the take-off stage.
Which of the following Rostow Stages usually has the highest rate of energy consumption per capita?
Pre-conditions of take-off
Drive to maturity
Age of mass consumption
Question 13 Explanation:
Countries such as the United States, which are in the final stage of development, consume the most energy.
When comparing the demographic transition model to Rostow’s model, which of the following pairs is incorrect?
Stage 2—pre-conditions for take-off
Stage 3—drive to maturity
Stage 4—age of mass consumption
Question 14 Explanation:
Stage 2 of Rostow is still in Stage 1 of the demographic transition. A country does not enter Stage 2 of the demographic transition until in actually industrializes.
Which of the following illustrates flaws in Rostow’s model?
Inequalities between core countries and periphery countries
The health of communist economies in the latter days of the Cold War
Changes in the South Asian standard of living in the twenty-first century
Changes in the South American standard of living in the twenty-first century
Question 15 Explanation:
Rostow assumes that all countries are interacting with each other on an equal playing field. Communist economies have never been as strong as capitalist economies. South Asia and South America both have booming economies due to international trade.
The core and periphery are most frequently associated with
Burgess’s concentric zone model
Harris’ and Ulman’s multiple nuclei model
Von Thünen’s land-use model
Wallerstein’s World System Theory
Question 16 Explanation:
Core countries have economic power over periphery countries according to Wallerstein.
Which of the following are known as the Four Asian Tigers?
China, Japan, Taiwan, and Vietnam
China, India, Japan, and South Korea
India, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam
Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan
Question 17 Explanation:
The Four Asian Tigers are the four countries or cities that industrialized first and made to most progress in the second half of the twentieth century.
Compared to countries that engage in international trade, countries that isolate themselves from world trade usually have higher
Use of renewable energy
Levels of political liberty
Levels of scientific research
Question 18 Explanation:
Countries that isolate themselves, such as North Korea, have high poverty rates because they have no markets, other than domestic ones, in which to sell their goods.
Which of the following is most directly associated with loaning money to developing countries?
The IMF and NAFTA
The IMF and World Bank
The IMF and WTO
The World Bank and WTO
Question 19 Explanation:
NAFTA is a free-trade agreement between the Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The World Trade Organization sets standard for international trade but does not make loans.
Which of the following is criticized for destroying the economies of developing countries?
Structural adjustment programs
Question 20 Explanation:
Structural adjustment programs are the “strings” that come attached with foreign loans. They typically require the less-developed country to accept foreign investment and foreign business that then lower and eliminate sales from domestic businesses, ultimately destroying the domestic economy and making the less-developed country completely dependent on the more-developed country.
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