Eastern Europe & Russia
Geography Quiz

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Question 1
Europe and Asia are divided by the

A
Caucasus Mountains
B
Ural Mountains
C
Danube River
D
Volga River
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Caucasus Mountains are between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. The Volga feeds into the Caspian. The Danube is in Central and Eastern Europe.
Question 2
If you were traveling to the Balkans, then you would be going to

A
Belarus
B
Poland
C
Serbia
D
Ukraine
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Balkans run through the former Yugoslavia. Serbia is one of the principal states there.
Question 3
Which three countries are known as the “Baltic states”?

A
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
B
Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
C
Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia
D
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
Question 3 Explanation: 
Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are on the east coast of the Baltic Sea, and are known as the Baltic States. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are the Transcaucasian states, while Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia are states of the former Yugoslavia. Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine are former Soviet states in eastern Europe, but they are not on the Baltic Sea.
Question 4
Which of the following countries is NOT on the Black Sea?

A
Bulgaria
B
Poland
C
Romania
D
Ukraine
Question 4 Explanation: 
Poland is too far north to be on the Black Sea.
Question 5
The Aral Sea was a

A
Bay
B
Gulf
C
Lake
D
Sea
Question 5 Explanation: 
Contrary to its name, the Aral Sea was a lake. Seas are usually thought of as extensions of oceans.
Question 6
The Aral Sea was destroyed by

A
Too much diversion of water
B
Overuse of fertilizers
C
Overuse of pesticides
D
All of the above
Question 6 Explanation: 
Many maps still show a full-sized Aral Sea, though poor land management policies resulted in its destruction.
Question 7
The area around the Volga River and Caspian Sea is most famously known for its deposits of

A
Gold
B
Petroleum
C
Silver
D
Uranium
Question 7 Explanation: 
Russia is a major producer of oil. During World War II, Germany tried to conquer the city of Stalingrad to gain control of the Volga River. Whoever controlled the Volga controlled the Caspian Sea. Adolf Hitler wanted the area around the Caspian Sea because of its tremendous oil reserves.
Question 8
All of the following climate zones are in Siberia EXCEPT

A
Desert
B
Steppe
C
Taiga
D
Tundra
Question 8 Explanation: 
Siberia has grasslands (steppe), thick forests (taiga), and a harsh, frozen northern climate (tundra).
Question 9
The most common religion in Eastern Europe and Russia is

A
Islam
B
Judaism
C
Orthodox Christianity
D
Roman Catholicism
Question 9 Explanation: 
The Orthodox Church officially split off from the Roman Catholic Church in 1054.
Question 10
The Soviet Union was composed of Russia and how many other “republics”?

A
Nine
B
Ten
C
Eleven
D
Fourteen
Question 10 Explanation: 
The fifteen Soviet Socialist Republics were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
Question 11
The Warsaw Pact was

A
The treaty that divided Germany into East and West
B
An agreement that led to Poland’s first multiparty elections
C
The agreement that bound Russia to the other soviet republics
D
An alliance of the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European countries against NATO
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Warsaw Pact consisted of the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.
Question 12
Which of the following did the nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl NOT do?

A
It shortened life spans
B
It damaged the environment
C
It stopped the Soviet Union using nuclear energy
D
It spread radioactive material over southeastern Europe
Question 12 Explanation: 
The radiation damaged the environment and a strong wind spread radioactive material over southeastern Europe, which shortened lifespans.
Question 13
The Soviet Union ceased to exist when

A
A civil war ended
B
A coup d’état was foiled
C
The United States won the Cold War
D
Its leaders agreed it should no longer exist
Question 13 Explanation: 
There was a coup in the summer of 1991 that set a chain of events in motion that resulted in the dissolution of the Soviet Union. However, the coup itself did not end the Soviet Union. In fact, the leaders of the coup wanted to preserve the Soviet Union.
Question 14
The Russian government today follows a _______________ system of government.

A
monarchial
B
parliamentary
C
presidential
D
semi-presidential
Question 14 Explanation: 
Russia has both a president and a prime minister.
Question 15
Since 2000, the Russian government has become

A
More authoritarian
B
More democratic
C
More open to a free press
D
Less aggressive toward its neighbors
Question 15 Explanation: 
Russian president Vladimir Putin has replaced regional governors, increased censorship, and lengthened the president’s term of office. Many people also believe he is responsible for the deaths of his political opponents.
Question 16
Russia has a _______________ system of government.

A
communist
B
confederal
C
federal
D
unitary
Question 16 Explanation: 
Russia has a federal system. Its regional governments enjoy some autonomy, though Vladimir Putin has heavy influence over how those governments operate.
Question 17
The former Yugoslavia devolved into separate, independent states due to all of the following EXCEPT

A
Clear land claims
B
Ethnicity
C
Language
D
Religion
Question 17 Explanation: 
The overlapping land claims is one of the reasons for the brutality of the civil war.
Question 18
Russia has

A
Applied to NATO
B
Joined NATO
C
Welcomed NATO into Eastern Europe
D
Been hostile to NATO’s expansion into Eastern Europe
Question 18 Explanation: 
NATO has expanded east to include many former Warsaw Pact countries, and Russia sees that expansion as a threat.
Question 19
Compared to western Europe, the economy of Eastern Europe is

A
Significantly more advanced
B
Slightly more advanced
C
About as advanced
D
Less advanced
Question 19 Explanation: 
Eastern Europe lags behind the West because it is still recovering from the effects of Communism.
Question 20
Which of the following is closest in surface area to Russia?

A
Canada
B
China
C
United States
D
Pluto
Question 20 Explanation: 
Russia’s surface area is about 17,075,200 square kilometers, and Pluto is around 17,646,012 square kilometers. Canada, the second largest country on earth, is less than 10 million square kilometers.
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