Geography Essentials Quiz

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Question 1
The science of map making is called

A
Cartography
B
Geocaching
C
Geology
D
Topography
Question 1 Explanation: 
The word cartography has two roots. “Cart” means “pertaining to maps” and “graph” means “write.” Thus, cartography is map making (or map-writing).
Question 2
Every map projection has some degree of distortion because

A
The globe is naturally distorted
B
Map-making is not a precise science
C
The technology required to display a map without distortion does not yet exist
D
A three-dimensional object, such as a globe, cannot be projected in two dimensions without distortion
Question 2 Explanation: 
A sphere has to be cut and stretched to create a rectangle or some other shape.
Question 3
Which of the following is used to collect, store, and analyze data and display it on a map?

A
GIS
B
GPS
C
Remote sensing
D
Satellite photography
Question 3 Explanation: 
“GIS” stands for “geographic information system.” Google Maps is a simple example of how GIS works. It should not be confused with a global positioning system (GPS), which is used as a navigational device.
Question 4
Latitude and longitude and a street address are both examples of

A
Absolute location
B
Relative location
C
Place
D
Region
Question 4 Explanation: 
Absolute locations have numerical values, which is why they are “absolute” and cannot be debated.
Question 5
A geographer describes characteristics of ______________ when describing unique characteristics of an area.

A
absolute location
B
relative location
C
place
D
region
Question 5 Explanation: 
“Place” is often confused with location and region. Location is an exact spot. Region shows commonalities.
Question 6
A geographer describes characteristics of ______________ when describing characteristics of an area that it has in common with adjacent areas.

A
absolute location
B
relative location
C
place
D
region
Question 6 Explanation: 
“Region” is often confused with location and place. Location is an exact spot. Place shows unique characteristics.
Question 7
You give your friend directions from school to your house using familiar landmarks as a guide. Your directions are an example of

A
Absolute location
B
Relative location
C
Place
D
Region
Question 7 Explanation: 
Relative location is where something is relative to other known locations. It does not necessarily involve numbers.
Question 8
A geographer who studies soil erosion on farms is most concerned with

A
Human-environment interaction
B
Movement
C
Place
D
Region
Question 8 Explanation: 
Humans till the soil. Erosion occurs when it rains. In other words, humans made it possible for the environment to change.
Question 9
A geographer who studies diffusion is most concerned with

A
Human-environment interaction
B
Movement
C
Place
D
Region
Question 9 Explanation: 
“Movement” includes the movement of people and ideas. Diffusion can be the spread of people, goods, trends, or information.
Question 10
What line divides hemispheres?

A
The equator
B
The prime meridian
C
Both of these
D
Neither of these
Question 10 Explanation: 
The equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres, and the prime meridian (also known as the Greenwhich meridian) divides the eastern and western hemispheres.
Question 11
When it is summer in the northern hemisphere, it is _______________ in the southern hemisphere.

A
spring
B
summer
C
autumn
D
winter
Question 11 Explanation: 
The northern and southern hemispheres have opposite seasons. These seasons are especially pronounced around the 45⁰ latitude lines. It is summer in the north when it is winter in the south. It is spring in the north when it is autumn in the south.
Question 12
The changing seasons are caused by

A
The distance between the earth and the sun as earth orbits the sun
B
The tilt of the earth relative to the sun
C
Fluctuations in the earth’s magnetic field
D
Global warming
Question 12 Explanation: 
The northern hemisphere experiences summer when the tilt of the earth positions the hemisphere directly at the sun. After six months, the northern hemisphere angles away from the sun, and the northern hemisphere experiences winter.
Question 13
Earthquakes are caused by

A
Changes in levels of groundwater
B
Changing weather patterns
C
The flow of lava
D
Shifts in tectonic plates
Question 13 Explanation: 
Tectonic plates are constantly slowly moving. An earthquake occurs when the plates get stuck at their edges. Stress and friction result. The when the tectonic plates overcome the stress and friction, they slip past each other quickly and we feel an earthquake.
Question 14
_______________ describes temperature and precipitation over of a short period of time. _______________ describes temperature and precipitation over of a long period of time.

A
Biosphere, Climate
B
Climate, Weather
C
Weather, Biosphere
D
Weather, Climate
Question 14 Explanation: 
Weather describes temperature and precipitation over of a short period of time. Climate describes temperature and precipitation over of a long period of time. The biosphere is the global ecological system.
Question 15
What is the correct order in the water cycle?

A
Condensation → evaporation → precipitation
B
Evaporation → condensation → precipitation
C
Evaporation → precipitation → condensation
D
Precipitation → evaporation → condensation
Question 15 Explanation: 
The sun heats water in lakes and oceans and causes evaporation in which the water becomes water vapor. The water vapor condenses and forms a cloud. More clouds form over time. Eventually, those clouds encounter a temperature change, which causes the clouds to release precipitation in the form of rain or snow.
Question 16
You fly from Chicago to Philadelphia. The flight takes two hours. Assuming you left Chicago at noon (central time), what time would you land in Philadelphia (eastern time)?

A
1:00 p.m.
B
2:00 p.m.
C
3:00 p.m.
D
4:00 p.m.
Question 16 Explanation: 
Flying two hours puts your landing time at 2:00 p.m. (central time), but you have just travelled one time zone to the east, which means you must add an hour. Thus, you have arrived at 3:00 p.m.
Question 17
What phrase best fits the term “economic activity”?

A
The production of goods and services
B
The gross domestic product of a country
C
Services such as banking and healthcare
D
A country’s wealth and infrastructure
Question 17 Explanation: 
An economic activity is any activity involving the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Statement (A) is part of that definition.
Question 18
Which of the following terms does NOT describe the economic system of the United States?

A
Capitalist
B
Command
C
Free enterprise
D
Mixed
Question 18 Explanation: 
A command economy is one in which a central government or some other authority makes decisions about what is produced, distributed, and consumed. “Capitalism” and “free enterprise” are synonyms. They leave economic decisions to individuals. A mixed system leaves most decisions to individuals but also has some government regulation.
Question 19
Which of the following political systems would be LEAST likely to support free enterprise?

A
Communist
B
Democracy
C
Dictatorship
D
Monarchy
Question 19 Explanation: 
Communist governments attempt to control all aspects of an economy and use a command system. Monarchies and dictatorships to not necessarily have that degree of control.
Question 20
You are flying a plane. The plane crashes. You follow your compass and walk one mile south. You then follow your compass and walk one mile east. You see a bear. The bear scares you, and you follow your compass and run one mile north, which is directly back to your crash site. What color was the bear?

A
Black
B
Brown
C
Gold
D
White
Question 20 Explanation: 
One mile south, one mile east, and one mile north may seem impossible, but that is because most people think two-dimensionally. The earth is a three-dimensional object. If you are standing at the north pole, then all directions are south. The mile east is not actually a straight line but a curve. The mile north will then go straight back to the crash site. Since you are at the north pole, the bear must be white. (The magnetic north pole is northern Canada, so this scenario is actually possible.)
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