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The ancient states of the Fertile Crescent were
Question 1 Explanation:
City states were cities that met both criteria to be states—they had control over both their internal and external affairs. Many cities had kings and their own armies. Nations did not yet exist.
From the first century BC to AD 476, western Europe was organized into
Question 2 Explanation:
The Roman Empire ruled western Europe in that time period.
After AD 476, western Europe was organized into
Question 3 Explanation:
Nation-states emerged in Europe after the fall of Rome.
Which of the following was not a reason that Europeans had for establishing colonies in the sixteenth though the nineteenth centuries?
Question 4 Explanation:
God was the motivation behind missionary zeal; the accumulation of gold was the goal of mercantilism; and glory was the desire for fame and power.
Which of the following was not colonized by Spain?
Question 5 Explanation:
Portugal colonized Brazil.
Which of the following was not a colonial power in what is now the United States?
Question 6 Explanation:
France colonized the Great Lakes region; Russia colonized Alaska; and Spain colonized the Southwest.
North Africa was colonized primarily by
Question 7 Explanation:
North Africa was colonized by France, which is directly across the Mediterranean Sea.
Ethnic violence in Africa in the second half of the twentieth century was caused primarily by
Proxy wars fought between superpowers
Extracting precious resources from captive markets
Dividing Africa without regard to natural boundaries
Communications barriers between different ethnic groups
Question 8 Explanation:
Lines were drawn straight, which separated some people from others in their ethnicity and put other hostile groups together. European governments left Africa in the mid-twentieth century, and old ethnic rivalries resurfaced, this time with modern weapons.
Which of the following is a remnant of colonialism?
The British Commonwealth
The European Union
Question 9 Explanation:
The British Commonwealth is composed of several former British colonies.
The two primary alliances in Europe during the Cold War were
The European Union and NATO
The European Union and the Warsaw Pact
NATO and OPEC
NATO and the Warsaw Pact
Question 10 Explanation:
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an alliance between the United States, Canada, and their western (and now some eastern) European Allies. The Warsaw Pact consisted of the Soviet Union and its eastern European satellite states. The European Union and OPEC are based on economics, not a military alliance. OPEC is not in Europe.
Which of the following no longer exists?
The European Union
The Warsaw Pact
Question 11 Explanation:
The Warsaw Pact ended with the fall of communism in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
All of the following are supranational organizations except
The African Union
Question 12 Explanation:
The North American Free Trade Agreement is an economic agreement or treaty but is not an organization.
The United Nations peacekeeping functions reside in the
Economic and Social Council
The Security Council
Question 13 Explanation:
The Security Council is made up of the five permanent members and ten others chosen by the General Assembly. A two-thirds majority (ten) of the members must approve any peacekeeping operation. The ten must include all permanent members of the Security Council.
According to the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, states may set laws, regulate use, and use any resource in
The Arctic Circle
Exclusive economic zones
A twelve-nautical-mile area of their coast
Question 14 Explanation:
The Law of the Sea replaced the notion that no state could claim any open water or the seabed beneath the ocean.
A state that invests all or almost all power in a central government has a _______________ form of government.
Question 15 Explanation:
In unitary governments, like Mexico, regional governments have little or no power.
A state that invests most power in its regional governments has a _______________ form of government.
Question 16 Explanation:
In confederal governments, like Switzerland, the central government has little or no power.
A state that divides power between a central government and several regional governments has a _______________ form of government.
Question 17 Explanation:
The Unites States divides power between the central government and the regional governments, which Americans call states, in its federal system.
A state that has transferred power from a central government to regional governments has
Question 18 Explanation:
Governments devolve when they transfer power from the central government to regional governments. Recent changes in Great Britain are an example.
Which of the following has a forward capital?
Question 19 Explanation:
A forward capital is one that is relocated to another part of a country for economic or strategic reasons. Brazil’s capital is Brasilia, which is in the interior. It used to be Rio de Janeiro.
When a government draws electoral lines to favor one political party over another, that government has
Created a shatterbelt
Created a zone of disamenity
Created an exclusive political zone
Question 20 Explanation:
Gerrymandering often results in oddly shaped electoral districts. It may concentrate one political party together or divide it up, whatever favors the party in power.
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