Industrialization Quiz

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Question 1
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?

A
China
B
France
C
Great Britain
D
United States
Question 1 Explanation: 
Of the options given, Great Britain was first and China was last.
Question 2
Approximately when did the Industrial Revolution begin?

A
1750
B
1800
C
1850
D
1900
Question 2 Explanation: 
While the Industrial Revolution did not begin on a precise date, mechanization of agriculture was well-known in 1750. The textile industry was beginning, and steam power was in an experimental stage.
Question 3
An industry would most likely locate near the source of its market if it was a

A
Bulk-reducing industry
B
Bulk-gaining industry
C
Footloose industry
D
Single-market manufacture
Question 3 Explanation: 
Bulk-gaining industries locate close to their markets to minimize the cost of shipping bulky items to a market.
Question 4
Which of the following industries will most likely locate closest to its raw materials?

A
Automobile assembly
B
Furniture assembly
C
Electronics manufacturing
D
Ethanol production
Question 4 Explanation: 
Ethanol is a bulk-reducing industry. It only uses a small amount of the corn plant. Transporting an entire stalk of corn would be a waste of money. It is much cheaper to produce the ethanol close to the raw materials and then throw away the unused parts of the plant.
Question 5
Which of the following is an example of a footloose industry?

A
Commercial fishing
B
Copper smelting
C
Telemarketing
D
Textile production
Question 5 Explanation: 
Footloose industries do not have to be close to either raw materials or the market because they do not change bulk and can be produced anywhere.
Question 6
Small, valuable items are likely to be transported over long distances via

A
Airplane
B
Ship
C
Train
D
Truck
Question 6 Explanation: 
Airplanes cannot carry much cargo compared to ships or trains, but they can get around the world quickly compared to the other options.
Question 7
Large, bulky items, such as several tons of grain, are likely to be transported to market by

A
Airplane
B
Ship
C
Train
D
Truck
Question 7 Explanation: 
Grain is usually grown domestically, which makes ships impractical. Planes and trucks cannot carry enough of it.
Question 8
If a good is shipped from point A to point B by rail and is then transferred to several different trucks for delivery to points C, D, E, and F, then point B is the

A
Break-of-bulk point
B
Dispersion point
C
Secondary market
D
Transportation hub
Question 8 Explanation: 
The bulk is unloaded from a train and split into several less-bulky shipments. Thus, we get the term “break-of-bulk point.”
Question 9
A labor-intensive industry

A
Has a lot of workers
B
Has highly paid workers
C
Is highly unionized
D
Requires workers to spend several hours at their jobs
Question 9 Explanation: 
A labor-intensive industry has an intense number of workers.
Question 10
Which of the following is an example of agglomeration?

A
Several software firms locating in Silicon Valley
B
A corporation pooling together multiple sources of capital
C
Manufacturer controlling all steps in the manufacturing process
D
Disaggregating automobile production into auto parts manufacturing in one country and automobile assembly in another country
Question 10 Explanation: 
Agglomeration occurs when several related firms locate in the same place to take advantage of land, labor, and capital on which they jointly rely.
Question 11
According to most scientists, which of the following has caused an increase in skin cancer?

A
Acid rain
B
The greenhouse effect
C
Ozone depletion
D
Smog accumulation
Question 11 Explanation: 
The holes in the ozone layer allow ultraviolet radiation to reach earth. UV rays causes skin cancer.
Question 12
Manufacturing jobs in the United States have generally moved from __________ to __________ between 1970 and today.

A
east, west
B
north, south
C
south, west
D
urban areas, rural areas
Question 12 Explanation: 
The jobs have moved from north to south primarily to take advantage of low-cost labor.
Question 13
Manufacturing jobs in Europe have generally moved from __________ to __________ between 1970 and today.

A
east, west
B
north, south
C
south, west
D
urban areas, rural areas
Question 13 Explanation: 
The same pattern is found in the United States and Europe. In Europe, jobs left the United Kingdom, France, and other northern countries for Spain, Italy, and other southern countries that had low-cost labor.
Question 14
Which of the following is least likely to be manufactured in older industrial areas of the United States?

A
Footloose manufactures
B
Just-in-time manufactures
C
Labor-intensive manufactures
D
Single-market manufactures
Question 14 Explanation: 
Labor-intensive industries require many workers and tend to be overseas where labor costs are lower than the United States. Footloose manufacturing is the second-best answer. The other two choices tend to be close to their markets because they are time specific or customer specific.
Question 15
Maquiladoras are located in northern Mexico to take advantage of

A
Abundant natural resources and low labor costs
B
Abundant natural resources and low transportation costs
C
Large government subsidies and low labor costs
D
Low labor costs and low transportation costs
Question 15 Explanation: 
Mexican labor works for less pay than American labor. Transportation costs are lower in northern Mexico than southern Mexico because northern Mexico is closer to the United States than southern Mexico is.
Question 16
Textile manufactures may prefer to hire many female employees because

A
Men are unavailable
B
They are committed to gender equity
C
Women have on lawsuits over the right to work
D
Women are less likely than men to unionize and demand better wages
Question 16 Explanation: 
Textile manufacturing is labor-intensive. Therefore, textile manufacturers seek to reduce their labor costs.
Question 17
Which of the following is not associated with international trade?

A
BRICS
B
The European Union
C
NAFTA
D
NATO
Question 17 Explanation: 
NATO is a defensive alliance between the United States, Canada, and their European allies.
Question 18
Upon which continent would one find a plurality of the BRICS states?

A
Africa
B
Asia
C
Europe
D
South America
Question 18 Explanation: 
Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South African belong to BRICS. Therefore, Asia has a plurality on membership.
Question 19
Call centers may locate in India to take advantage of

A
High-paid workers with college educations
B
Low-paid workers with college educations
C
Low-paid workers who speak English
D
Low-paid workers who are women
Question 19 Explanation: 
Being a labor-intensive industry, companies that employ many telemarketers or customer service operators want to lower their labor costs, but they also need English speakers who can communicate with American customers.
Question 20
In North America, which of the following frequently consumed items is most likely to be supplied by a transnational corporation?

A
Alcohol
B
Pharmaceuticals
C
Televisions
D
Wheat
Question 20 Explanation: 
Televisions, like many other electronics, are made abroad and sold in the United States and many other countries around the world. They are considered a foot-loose industry, which makes shipping costs negligible. Therefore, television manufacturers, including American companies, seek to lower labor costs by locating their factories outside the United States.
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