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The science of map making is called
Question 1 Explanation:
The word cartography has two roots. “Cart” means “pertaining to maps” and “graph” means “write.” Thus, cartography is mapmaking (or map-writing).
Which of the following is normally least distorted?
A Goode homolosine projection
A Mercator projection
A Robinson projection
Question 2 Explanation:
Maps are two dimensional and, therefore, are distorted representations of the earth, a three-dimensional object.
Which of the following is the oldest map projection?
Question 3 Explanation:
Gerardus Mercator drew his map in 1569.
Which of the following map projections spaces lines of longitude evenly?
Question 4 Explanation:
Longitude lines are evenly spaced on a Mercator map, but latitude lines spread out as one approaches the north and south poles.
Which of the following projections has the least amount of distortion of the continents?
Question 5 Explanation:
While the continents are close to actual size, the oceans are split up and distorted, making sea navigation difficult.
Which of the following projections is closest to the shape of an oval?
Question 6 Explanation:
A Robinson projection looks like a combination of a Mercator map and Goode’s homosoline.
A religiously faithful Muslim living in Chicago wants to pray toward Mecca. What direction does he face?
Question 7 Explanation:
Mecca is southeast of Chicago, and when looking at a map, it appears that southeast is the most direct route. But that map is distorted, and in reality, when looking at a globe, northeast is the most direct route.
Topographic maps show
Question 8 Explanation:
A topographic map shows large-scale detail. Elevation is usually represented by contour lines.
Which of the following is NOT a parallel?
The international date line
The Tropic of Cancer
The Tropic of Capricorn
Question 9 Explanation:
Parallels are lines of latitude and run east—west. The international date line runs north—south.
Which of the following is NOT true of meridians?
The prime meridian is 0 degrees
The prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England
Meridians intersect at the north and south poles
Meridians are used to measure degrees east and west
Question 10 Explanation:
Meridians or lines of longitude run north—south. They are numbered east—west but are used to measure distance north—south.
Which of the following represents maps from large scale to small scale?
City, county, and state maps
Computer-generated, mechanically-drawn, and hand-drawn maps
Race, ethnic, and national maps
World, national, and local maps
Question 11 Explanation:
The larger the scale, the more close-up the view of the map.
Which of the following are NOT true of time zones?
Time zones were established in the United States for railroad travel
The People’s Republic of China has three time zones
Most time zones are about 15 degrees wide
Time moves forward from east to west
Question 12 Explanation:
China has one time zone.
If you live in Chicago and travel two time zones to the west, then it is
Two hours earlier
Two hours later
Four hours earlier
Four hours later
Question 13 Explanation:
The sun moves from east to west, and therefore, it is “earlier” on the west coast than it is on the east coast, in this case, by two time zones or two hours.
If traveling from Italy to North Africa, one must cross
The Atlantic Ocean
The Mediterranean Sea
The Nile River
Question 14 Explanation:
The Mediterranean Sea separates Europe from Africa.
Which of the following is NOT considered a region of Asia?
Question 15 Explanation:
There is no West Asia, though Central Asia is pretty far west.
Latitude and longitude are characteristics of
Question 16 Explanation:
“Site” characteristics are unique characteristics, and latitude and longitude coordinates are unique to each location.
The fact that many American states and counties are rectangular is a reflection of
Latitude and longitude
The long-lot system
Metes and bounds
Township and range
Question 17 Explanation:
The township and range system, formally known as the public land survey system and occasionally known as the rectangular survey system, was created in 1785.
Which of the following captures, stores, manipulates, analyzes, manages, and presents spatial or geographic data?
Question 18 Explanation:
This definition fits a geographic information system.
Which of the following is used in navigational devices?
Question 19 Explanation:
Global positioning systems are used in automobiles, ships, planes, and cellular phones as navigation tools.
Which of the following presents information through satellite photography?
Question 20 Explanation:
Remote sensing involves the scanning of the earth by satellite or high-flying aircraft.
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