Maps & Contemporary Tools Quiz

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Question 1
The science of map making is called

A
Cartography
B
Geoscience
C
Geomorphology
D
Topography
Question 1 Explanation: 
The word cartography has two roots. “Cart” means “pertaining to maps” and “graph” means “write.” Thus, cartography is mapmaking (or map-writing).
Question 2
Which of the following is normally least distorted?

A
A globe
B
A Goode homolosine projection
C
A Mercator projection
D
A Robinson projection
Question 2 Explanation: 
Maps are two dimensional and, therefore, are distorted representations of the earth, a three-dimensional object.
Question 3
Which of the following is the oldest map projection?

A
Gall-Peters
B
Goode homosoline
C
Mercator
D
Robinson
Question 3 Explanation: 
Gerardus Mercator drew his map in 1569.
Question 4
Which of the following map projections spaces lines of longitude evenly?

A
Azimuthal
B
Goode homosoline
C
Mercator
D
Robinson
Question 4 Explanation: 
Longitude lines are evenly spaced on a Mercator map, but latitude lines spread out as one approaches the north and south poles.
Question 5
Which of the following projections has the least amount of distortion of the continents?

A
Azimuthal
B
Goode homosoline
C
Mercator
D
Robinson
Question 5 Explanation: 
While the continents are close to actual size, the oceans are split up and distorted, making sea navigation difficult.
Question 6
Which of the following projections is closest to the shape of an oval?

A
Azimuthal
B
Gall-Peters
C
Mercator
D
Robinson
Question 6 Explanation: 
A Robinson projection looks like a combination of a Mercator map and Goode’s homosoline.
Question 7
A religiously faithful Muslim living in Chicago wants to pray toward Mecca. What direction does he face?

A
Northeast
B
Northwest
C
Southeast
D
Southwest
Question 7 Explanation: 
Mecca is southeast of Chicago, and when looking at a map, it appears that southeast is the most direct route. But that map is distorted, and in reality, when looking at a globe, northeast is the most direct route.
Question 8
Topographic maps show

A
Elevation
B
Formal regions
C
Functional regions
D
Toponyms
Question 8 Explanation: 
A topographic map shows large-scale detail. Elevation is usually represented by contour lines.
Question 9
Which of the following is NOT a parallel?

A
The equator
B
The international date line
C
The Tropic of Cancer
D
The Tropic of Capricorn
Question 9 Explanation: 
Parallels are lines of latitude and run east—west. The international date line runs north—south.
Question 10
Which of the following is NOT true of meridians?

A
The prime meridian is 0 degrees
B
The prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England
C
Meridians intersect at the north and south poles
D
Meridians are used to measure degrees east and west
Question 10 Explanation: 
Meridians or lines of longitude run north—south. They are numbered east—west but are used to measure distance north—south.
Question 11
Which of the following represents maps from large scale to small scale?

A
City, county, and state maps
B
Computer-generated, mechanically-drawn, and hand-drawn maps
C
Race, ethnic, and national maps
D
World, national, and local maps
Question 11 Explanation: 
The larger the scale, the more close-up the view of the map.
Question 12
Which of the following are NOT true of time zones?

A
Time zones were established in the United States for railroad travel
B
The People’s Republic of China has three time zones
C
Most time zones are about 15 degrees wide
D
Time moves forward from east to west
Question 12 Explanation: 
China has one time zone.
Question 13
If you live in Chicago and travel two time zones to the west, then it is

A
Two hours earlier
B
Two hours later
C
Four hours earlier
D
Four hours later
Question 13 Explanation: 
The sun moves from east to west, and therefore, it is “earlier” on the west coast than it is on the east coast, in this case, by two time zones or two hours.
Question 14
If traveling from Italy to North Africa, one must cross

A
The Alps
B
The Atlantic Ocean
C
The Mediterranean Sea
D
The Nile River
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Mediterranean Sea separates Europe from Africa.
Question 15
Which of the following is NOT considered a region of Asia?

A
Central Asia
B
East Asia
C
South Asia
D
West Asia
Question 15 Explanation: 
There is no West Asia, though Central Asia is pretty far west.
Question 16
Latitude and longitude are characteristics of

A
Region
B
Site
C
Situation
D
Topography
Question 16 Explanation: 
“Site” characteristics are unique characteristics, and latitude and longitude coordinates are unique to each location.
Question 17
The fact that many American states and counties are rectangular is a reflection of

A
Latitude and longitude
B
The long-lot system
C
Metes and bounds
D
Township and range
Question 17 Explanation: 
The township and range system, formally known as the public land survey system and occasionally known as the rectangular survey system, was created in 1785.
Question 18
Which of the following captures, stores, manipulates, analyzes, manages, and presents spatial or geographic data?

A
GIS
B
GPS
C
Remote sensing
D
Topographic analysis
Question 18 Explanation: 
This definition fits a geographic information system.
Question 19
Which of the following is used in navigational devices?

A
GIS
B
GPS
C
Remote sensing
D
Topographic analysis
Question 19 Explanation: 
Global positioning systems are used in automobiles, ships, planes, and cellular phones as navigation tools.
Question 20
Which of the following presents information through satellite photography?

A
GIS
B
GPS
C
Remote sensing
D
Topographic analysis
Question 20 Explanation: 
Remote sensing involves the scanning of the earth by satellite or high-flying aircraft.
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