Migration Quiz

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Question 1
Which of the following is the most common cause of migration?

A
Economic factors
B
Environmental factors
C
Natural disasters
D
War
Question 1 Explanation: 
People most frequently move due to new job opportunities.
Question 2
Which of the following is most likely to migrate?

A
Single, 25-years old, no children
B
Married, 25-years old, no children
C
Married, 40-years old, no children
D
Married, 40-years old, children
Question 2 Explanation: 
People who are young and have no attachments are most likely to migrate. Older people are more likely to be established in their communities and would have to give up more to move. Also, moving children is expensive.
Question 3
Refugees are an example of

A
Internal migration
B
International migration
C
Intraregional migration
D
Internally displaced persons
Question 3 Explanation: 
Refugees seek refuge in another country and flee war, famine, persecution, or natural disasters.
Question 4
Which of the following is an example of intraregional migration?

A
Moving from one neighborhood to another
B
Moving from a city to a suburb
C
Moving from one state to another
D
Moving from one country to another
Question 4 Explanation: 
Intraregional migration is migration within a region. Moving from one neighborhood to another does not constitute migration because it does not likely involve a job change or other lifestyle change.
Question 5
Which of the following is not an example of migration?

A
College students repeatedly moving between home and school
B
Foreign exchange students who never return home
C
Retirees moving to a warmer climate
D
Internally displaced persons
Question 5 Explanation: 
Repeatedly moving between home and school is cyclical, not permanent, and therefore constitutes circulation but not migration.
Question 6
Which of the following is a push factor in migration?

A
Desire to live closer to friends and family
B
Desire to live in a warmer climate
C
New job opportunities
D
War
Question 6 Explanation: 
War forces people to leave a location. The other three migration factors are pull factors.
Question 7
A country at which of the following stages of the demographic transition is mostly likely to experience out-migration?

A
Stage 2
B
Stage 3
C
Stage 4
D
Stage 5
Question 7 Explanation: 
Stage 2 countries have a young surplus population, and those people may be apt to leave and resettle someplace with better economic opportunities.
Question 8
A country at which of the following stages of the demographic transition is mostly likely to experience in-migration?

A
Stage 2
B
Stage 3
C
Stage 4
D
Stage 5
Question 8 Explanation: 
Stage 5 countries have labor shortages and attract young workers from other countries.
Question 9
A country has negative net migration when it has

A
More immigrants than emigrants
B
More emigrants than immigrants
C
More internal migration than external migration
D
More external migration than external migration
Question 9 Explanation: 
Immigrants move to a country; emigrants leave a country; net migration is immigrants minus emigrants. Therefore, if emigration exceeds immigration, a country experiences a negative net migration.
Question 10
Which of the following were not obstacles to migration in the pioneer period of United States history?

A
Expensive land
B
Long distances
C
Relative isolation compared to the east coast
D
Threats from Native Americans
Question 10 Explanation: 
The U.S. government sold land at low prices to encourage pioneers to move west.
Question 11
In the eighteenth century, most Americans were from

A
Africa
B
Eastern Europe
C
Southern Europe
D
Western Europe
Question 11 Explanation: 
Most Americans were from England. Other Americans were from Scotland, France, Netherlands, other western European countries, or Africa.
Question 12
In the mid-nineteenth century, most American immigrants were from

A
Asia
B
Latin America
C
Northern and western Europe
D
Southern and eastern Europe
Question 12 Explanation: 
Immigration continued to be primarily from western Europe, including large numbers of Irish. Scandinavians from northern Europe also arrived.
Question 13
In the early twentieth century, most American immigrants were from

A
Asia
B
Latin America
C
Northern and western Europe
D
Southern and eastern Europe
Question 13 Explanation: 
In the early twentieth century, immigration shifted to countries like Italy, Greece, Poland, and Russia.
Question 14
U.S. quota laws from the 1920s until the 1960s

A
Expanded immigration from Asia
B
Expanded immigration from Latin America
C
Limited migration to refugees
D
Limited migration to traditional areas in Europe
Question 14 Explanation: 
Sharp quotas were put on non-European immigrant groups. Some Asian ethnic groups were banned.
Question 15
When the United States allows immigrants with special talents to live in the United States ahead of those without special talents, it is accused of

A
Brain drain
B
Exceptionalism
C
Hypocrisy
D
Quota rationing
Question 15 Explanation: 
While many Americans think accepting talented immigrants is a good idea, the countries who lose talented individuals accuse the United States of brain drain. Losing talented individuals makes it hard to build an economy.
Question 16
When people move to where they have friends and relatives live, they engage in

A
Chain migration
B
External migration
C
Internal migration
D
Nepotism
Question 16 Explanation: 
It is called chain migration because the immigrants figuratively form a chain, sometimes over multiple generations, stretching back to the country of origin.
Question 17
A recent trend of people leaving cities to live in small towns is

A
Counter-urbanization
B
Diffusion
C
Ruralization
D
Suburbanization
Question 17 Explanation: 
Counter-urbanization is made by possible by near-universal automobile ownership, the internet, and overnight delivery. Due to these innovations, people no longer have to live in cities to obtain city services.
Question 18
The clustering of many Latino immigrants in the southwestern United States illustrates

A
Chain migration
B
Distance decay
C
Internal migration
D
Quota laws
Question 18 Explanation: 
As with other types of relocation diffusion, Latino migration is most concentrated near the border. Most people do not want to move thousands of miles away from home if they do not have to.
Question 19
People who move to another country to find temporary employment are

A
Guest workers
B
Internally displaced persons
C
Remittances
D
Temporary workers
Question 19 Explanation: 
Guest workers send money, called remittances, back home to their families. Internally displaced persons are similar to refugees but do not leave their country of origin.
Question 20
Most migrants to Europe are from

A
East Asia
B
Latin America
C
North Africa and Southwest Asia
D
North America
Question 20 Explanation: 
As with Latinos moving to the United States, most people in North Africa and Southwest Asia would prefer to not move very far, and Europe provides ample job opportunities.
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