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Which of the following is not a form of commercial agriculture?
Mixed crop and livestock
Question 1 Explanation:
Intensive subsistence, as the name implies, is a form of subsistence agriculture, not commercial agriculture.
Where is Mediterranean agriculture practiced outside the Mediterranean?
In semi-arid climates
In tropical rainforests
On the east coasts of continents
On the west coasts of continents
Question 2 Explanation:
The United States’ Mediterranean agriculture, for example, is in California. California has an excellent climate for grapes and the wine industry.
A country with a high standard of living will usually have
A high number of farmers
A high percentage of farmers
A low number of farmers
A low percentage of farmers
Question 3 Explanation:
Advanced agricultural technology reduces the need for large numbers of farmers among the general population. The answer is not C because any country with a small population will have a low number of farmers.
People without food over a long period of time are ____________. People with food but without balanced diets of nutritious food are ____________. Both situations are types of ____________.
malnourished, undernourished, food insecurity
malnourished, undernourished, income inequality
undernourished, malnourished, food insecurity
undernourished, malnourished, income inequality
Question 4 Explanation:
Undernourishment is lack of food. Malnourishment is poor nutrition. Malnourishment is a greater world-wide problem than undernourishment is. Both are forms of food insecurity.
Which of the following forms of agriculture is usually associated exclusively with less-developed countries?
Commercial gardening and fruit farming
Question 5 Explanation:
Plantations grow tropical crops, such as coffee, bananas, or sugar, in less-developed countries.
Which of the following is grown primarily in less-developed countries but consumed in more-developed countries?
Question 6 Explanation:
The other three crops are grown mostly in developed countries.
Which of the following is the United State's leading agricultural import?
Question 7 Explanation:
Horticultural products are fruits and vegetables, which in this case, frequently come from Latin America.
Corn is used primary for which of the following in the United States?
Human consumption as corn
Human consumption as a food additive
Question 8 Explanation:
Livestock eat a lot of corn.
Which two of these are most commonly used as fillers in mass produced food?
Corn and oats
Corn and soybeans
Corn and wheat
Soybeans and wheat
Question 9 Explanation:
Corn is by far the most common filler, and soy is second-most common. Corn is also used in syrup form to sweeten processed foods.
Rainforests are being cleared in South America to make room for
Intensive subsistence agriculture
Question 10 Explanation:
As more South Americans achieve middle class status, their demand for beef increases. The demand for beef requires the conversion of rainforest to pasture land.
According to most scientists, which of the following is true about the clearing of tropical rainforests?
It causes global climate change
It enlarges holes in the ozone layer
It improves of the overall health of soil
It parallels a decline in standard of living in developing countries
Question 11 Explanation:
Most scientists agree that as the rainforests are cleared, carbon dioxide rates increase in the air. The increase in carbon dioxide is believed to be the primary cause of global warming and climate change.
Southwest Asia has low consumption of
Question 12 Explanation:
Southwest Asia has low pork consumption because religiously faithful Muslims and Jews do not eat pork.
American hog production tends to be highest in the
Question 13 Explanation:
Hogs are well-suited for the cold winters of the Midwest. The Midwest also has several ethnic groups that consume pork-based sausages as part of their cultural tradition.
Which of the following is true of American agricultural production in the last fifty years?
The food supply has decreased as the amount of available farmland has decreased
The food supply has increased as the amount of available farmland has increased
The food supply has decreased despite an increase in the amount of available farmland
The food supply has increased despite a decrease in the amount of available farmland
Question 14 Explanation:
Modern science has greatly increased the food supply. Grains deliver remarkably high yields in small spaces.
Which of the following is true of the milk production?
Modern milk production is no longer labor intensive
Modern milk production is located near the market to be close to the labor supply
Modern milk production is located in the final ring of agriculture with other livestock
Liquid milk is closest to the market because it spoils faster than butter, cheese, or other dairy products
Question 15 Explanation:
Modern milk production requires few workers, but the work is very labor intensive because cows are milked multiple times per day all year. Milk production is located close to the market because it spoils quickly.
During the twentieth century, which of the following facilitated the transportation of beef to domestic markets?
Question 16 Explanation:
Ships are used for foreign markets. Airplanes and commercial canning are rarely used for any kind of meat transportation.
Modern transportation has most affected agriculture in which of the following ways during the twenty-first century?
Family farms have become more diversified
More people are drinking unpasteurized milk
More consumers are shopping at farmers markets
Corporate farms are more likely than family farms to pay transportation costs
Question 17 Explanation:
Lack of affordable transportation is one of many factors that are squeezing family farmers out of the market in favor of corporate farms.
Green Revolution technology has resulted in which of the following in modern agriculture?
Larger yields from seeds
A reduction in the use of fertilizers
Widespread investment in aquaponics
An increase in investment capital for farmers in less-developed countries
Question 18 Explanation:
The Green Revolution includes several forms of scientific management of agriculture that increase yields. Methods include fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties.
Of the following, which of the following was the first innovation?
Question 19 Explanation:
Selective breeding has been around for about ten thousand years. All other innovations were in the twentieth century.
Which of the following is true of organic farming?
It does not use GMOs
It results in lower prices for consumers
It has, in some cases, increased fossil fuel consumption
It includes most food in the “locally grown” food movement
Question 20 Explanation:
As the demand for organic food has increased, it must be imported from greater distances, which increases fossil fuel consumption. Most locally grown food uses herbicides, pesticides, and artificial fertilizers.
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