North Africa & Southwest Asia Geography Quiz

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Question 1
You live in Israel and want to travel to Afghanistan. In which direction do you go?

A
East
B
North
C
South
D
West
Question 1 Explanation: 
Afghanistan is the eastern-most country in Southwest Asia.
Question 2
You live in Israel and want to travel to Algeria, in which direction do you go?

A
East
B
North
C
South
D
West
Question 2 Explanation: 
Israel is in Southwest Asia, and Algeria is in Africa.
Question 3
You live in Israel and want to travel to Yemen, in which direction do you go?

A
Northeast
B
Northwest
C
Southeast
D
Southwest
Question 3 Explanation: 
Yemen is south of Israel and immediately south of Saudi Arabia.
Question 4
Which of the following countries does not border the Mediterranean Sea?

A
Lebanon
B
Saudi Arabia
C
Syria
D
Turkey
Question 4 Explanation: 
Saudi Arabia is south and east of the Mediterranean.
Question 5
Which of the following countries does not border the Persian Gulf?

A
Afghanistan
B
Iran
C
Iraq
D
Kuwait
Question 5 Explanation: 
Afghanistan is north and east of the Persian Gulf.
Question 6
Saudi Arabia is part of

A
An arid archipelago
B
An arid peninsula
C
A tropical peninsula
D
A tropical archipelago
Question 6 Explanation: 
Saudi Arabia is arid (dry) and mostly desert. It is the main part of the Arabian peninsula, which is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides. It is not an archipelago, which is a collection of islands.
Question 7
Which of the following modern-day countries is part of what once was the Fertile Crescent?

A
Egypt
B
Iran
C
Iraq
D
Saudi Arabia
Question 7 Explanation: 
The Fertile Crescent was mostly in Mesopotamia, which is present-day Iraq.
Question 8
Which of the following rivers is not located in North Africa or Southwest Asia?

A
Euphrates
B
Indus
C
Nile
D
Tigris
Question 8 Explanation: 
The Tigris and Euphrates are the two rivers in what was the Fertile Crescent. The Nile is in Egypt. The Indus is in India, which is in South Asia, not Southwest Asia.
Question 9
What was typically the first public service provided in ancient city-states?

A
Defensive walls
B
Flood levees
C
Medical care
D
Roads
Question 9 Explanation: 
Defensive walls kept invaders out.
Question 10
All of the following religions originated in Southwest Asia except

A
Christianity
B
Hinduism
C
Islam
D
Judaism
Question 10 Explanation: 
Hinduism began in India, which is in South Asia, not Southwest Asia.
Question 11
What kind of food is not typically consumed in North Africa or Southwest Asia?

A
Beek
B
Chicken
C
Pork
D
Lamb
Question 11 Explanation: 
Jews and Muslims do not eat pork.
Question 12
In which of the following countries would you be unlikely to hear Arabic spoken?

A
Afghanistan
B
Algeria
C
Morocco
D
Sudan
Question 12 Explanation: 
Afghanistan is a multilingual country. Very little Arabic is spoken because Afghans are not Arabs.
Question 13
The Aswan High Dam

A
Allows for irrigation
B
Generates hydroelectric power
C
Controls the flooding of the Nile
D
All of above
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Aswan High Dam is in Egypt and controls the flow of the Nile.
Question 14
Temporary laborers who migrate to work in another country to fill labor needs and shortages are

A
Bedouin
B
Guest workers
C
Nomads
D
Tuareg
Question 14 Explanation: 
Guest workers travel to other countries to work. The Bedouin and Tuareg are nomadic ethnic groups.
Question 15
Where are the Bosporus Straight, the Grand Bazar, and the Hagia Sophia?

A
Constantinople
B
Istanbul
C
Turkey
D
All of the above
Question 15 Explanation: 
All three are in Istanbul, Turkey, which used to be called Constantinople.
Question 16
Which of the following is currently is a democratic-republic?

A
Iraq
B
Israel
C
Turkey
D
All of the above
Question 16 Explanation: 
Iraq has been a republic since the fall of Saddam Hussein. Therefore, the answer is (D). They are all republics.
Question 17
Which of the following is a monarchy?

A
Egypt
B
Iran
C
Saudi Arabia
D
Sudan
Question 17 Explanation: 
The sultan is a monarch.
Question 18
Which of the following is theocracy?

A
Iran
B
Libya
C
Morocco
D
Syria
Question 18 Explanation: 
Iran has a government that strictly follows Sharia (Islamic) law.
Question 19
Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates are well-known for their exportation of

A
Electronics
B
Fish
C
Petroleum
D
Sand
Question 19 Explanation: 
All three states adjoin Saudi Arabia. While they are replete with fish, sand, and electronics, they export oil.
Question 20
Which of the following countries is considered both European and Asian?

A
Lebanon
B
Oman
C
Turkey
D
Yemen
Question 20 Explanation: 
A small section of Turkey is in southeastern Europe. The city of Istanbul straddles both Europe and Asia.
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