North America Geography Quiz

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Question 1
The climate of the United States is best described as

A
Arid
B
Polar
C
Temperate
D
Tropical
Question 1 Explanation: 
Temperate climates lie between tropical and polar climates. They have moderate temperatures and four seasons, though summers may be cool or winters warm, depending on the latitude.
Question 2
Florida is a

A
Cordillera
B
Island
C
Peninsula
D
Plateau
Question 2 Explanation: 
A peninsula is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides. A cordillera is two parallel mountain chains. An island is surrounded by water on four sides.
Question 3
The area between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains is mostly

A
Desert
B
Hills
C
Prairie
D
Woodland
Question 3 Explanation: 
The area between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains is known as the Great Plains. Prairie is a synonym for grassland.
Question 4
Which of the following parts of the United States was most affected by glaciers?

A
The northeast
B
The northwest
C
The Great Plains
D
The Great Lakes
Question 4 Explanation: 
The Great Lakes were carved out by the glaciers.
Question 5
You are traveling from the Gulf of Mexico to the Appalachian Mountains. Through which of the following states might you pass?

A
Maryland
B
Missouri
C
Oklahoma
D
Tennessee
Question 5 Explanation: 
The Appalachian Mountains are northeast of the Gulf of Mexico. Tennessee is between the two.
Question 6
In the early twenty-first century, the most common source of legal migrants to the United States was

A
Africa
B
Asia
C
Europe
D
Mexico
Question 6 Explanation: 
Mexico is the source of both legal and undocumented immigrants.
Question 7
The area between the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental is a

A
Basin
B
Butte
C
Lake
D
Plateau
Question 7 Explanation: 
The area is the Mexican Plateau. A plateau is a high, flat area.
Question 8
The climate of the Yucatán is best described as

A
Arid
B
Polar
C
Temperate
D
Tropical
Question 8 Explanation: 
The Yucatán is the large peninsula that makes up the southeastern tip of Mexico. It has a tropical climate and is mostly rainforest.
Question 9
Which of the following industries is most important to the economies of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island?

A
Farming
B
Fishing
C
Mining
D
Oil
Question 9 Explanation: 
New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island are maritime provinces. As coastal/island provinces, they rely heavily on fishing.
Question 10
What is the most commonly spoken language in Canada? What is the second most common language?

A
English, French
B
English, Spanish
C
French, English
D
French, Spanish
Question 10 Explanation: 
English is the predominant language in all of Canada except Quebec, where French is dominant. Both of these languages are taught in schools all over Canada.
Question 11
How many provinces does Canada have? How many territories?

A
Nine provinces and three territories
B
Ten provinces and two territories
C
Ten provinces and three territories
D
Twelve provinces and three territories
Question 11 Explanation: 
The ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.
Question 12
Generally speaking, human migration has been in which direction throughout most of United States and Canadian history?

A
East to west
B
North to south
C
South to north
D
Northwest to southeast
Question 12 Explanation: 
Since colonial times, pioneers moved east to west, and people still do today. North to south is a recent trend and is the second-best answer.
Question 13
Mexican immigrants usually enter the United States for

A
Freedom from political oppression
B
Free healthcare
C
Job opportunities
D
Religious freedom
Question 13 Explanation: 
Mexican immigrants, like most immigrants, come for jobs, although the rate of migration has slowed as Mexico’s economy has improved.
Question 14
Which of the following has a unitary system of government?

A
Canada
B
Mexico
C
United States
D
All of the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
Mexico has a unitary government, which means power is concentrated in the hands of the central government. The United States has a federal system, which divides power between the central governments and regional governments. Canada could be considered federal or confederal (most power is in the hands of the regional governments).
Question 15
In which of the following countries are most businesses privately owned?

A
Canada
B
Mexico
C
United States
D
All of the above
Question 15 Explanation: 
All three countries practice capitalism/free enterprise.
Question 16
How does NAFTA encourage Mexican trade with the United States and Canada?

A
It lowers tariffs on Mexican goods, so Mexico can compete with other countries
B
It raises tariffs on Asian imports
C
It encourages American companies to relocate to Mexico instead of Asia
D
It does not encourage trade between Mexico and the United States
Question 16 Explanation: 
The North American Free Trade Agreement lowers or eliminates most tariffs between Mexico, the United States, and Canada, which lowers prices for American consumers who purchase Mexican-made goods. The lower prices make it cheaper for Americans to choose Mexican goods over goods made in other countries, such as China or India.
Question 17
Which of the following is NOT an effect of NAFTA?

A
It spurred a huge increase in trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States.
B
It has been the main cause of manufacturing job losses in the United States.
C
It is partially responsible for the creation of hundreds of thousands of automotive jobs in Mexico.
D
It has had a positive effect on the United States economy.
Question 17 Explanation: 
NAFTA spurred a huge increase in trade within North America. Most economists agree that it has had a modestly positive effect on the economies of all three countries, although it has certainly reduced employment in some industries within each country. It is also seen as a major cause of increased auto production in Mexico.

While US manufacturing jobs have decreased since NAFTA was passed, trade with China and technological improvements were the main drivers of this decrease.
Question 18
Which of the following has NOT been an effect of the internet?

A
The internet has made ordinary people famous
B
The internet has made information widely available in developed countries
C
The internet has led the widespread diffusion of American popular culture
D
The internet has popularized non-American folk cultures in the United States
Question 18 Explanation: 
The internet has a tendency to replace folk culture with popular culture that usually originates in the United States or Western Europe. It has also diffused information, and has made ordinary people famous through viral videos.
Question 19
What is the southernmost state in the United States?

A
California
B
Florida
C
Hawaii
D
Texas
Question 19 Explanation: 
People often forget Hawaii is farthest south because it is not part of the forty-eight contiguous states.
Question 20
If you wanted to visit the northernmost state, southernmost state, easternmost state, and westernmost state in the United States, to how many states would you travel?

A
Two
B
Three
C
Four
D
Five
Question 20 Explanation: 
Hawaii is furthest south, and Alaska is furthest north. Alaska is also furthest west due to the Aleutian Islands. The Aleutian Islands extend into the eastern hemisphere. Thus, Alaska is also the state that is furthest east.
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