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Which of the following is an eastern religion?
Question 1 Explanation:
Hinduism and Buddhism are the two major eastern religions.
Which of the following is a polytheistic religion?
Question 2 Explanation:
Hinduism and Buddhism are the two major polytheistic religions.
Which of the following is an ethnic religion?
Question 3 Explanation:
Ethnic religions do not actively seek converts. People are born into them or find them on their own. Judaism and Hinduism are the world’s two largest ethnic religions.
The Ganges River is important in which of the following religions?
Question 4 Explanation:
The Ganges River is considered sacred in Hinduism. Hindu believe that bathing in the river causes the remission of sins and releases people from the cycle of life and death.
The three major western religions have their hearths in
Question 5 Explanation:
Judaism and Christianity originated in and around Israel. Islam originated in and around what is now Saudi Arabia.
The two major eastern religions have their hearth in
Question 6 Explanation:
Hinduism originated in India. Buddhism originated in Nepal and India.
Which of the following is not one of the three major branches of Christianity?
Question 7 Explanation:
Unitarians are not, by definition, Christian, because they do not believe in the concept of the Trinity.
Which two of the following are hierarchical religions?
Islam and Judaism
Islam and Roman Catholicism
Judaism and Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Question 8 Explanation:
Hierarchical religions have several definite levels of authority. In the case of the Catholic Church, the pope is the international leader. Various levels of bishops govern adherents in provinces and dioceses, and priests minister at individual parishes. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a national president, two senior counselors, and church board called the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Bishops lead local congregations.
Which of the following is a folk religion?
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Question 9 Explanation:
People are born into the Amish faith, and their church does not normally seek converts, as in a universalizing religion.
Where would Baptists most likely be found in the United States?
Question 10 Explanation:
Baptists are found the southeast. The Southern Baptist Convention is the second largest Christian group in the United States. Only the Catholic church is larger.
Which of the following countries has the most Muslims?
Question 11 Explanation:
Indonesia has about 225 million Muslims. Saudi Arabia, which is mostly desert, has only about 25 million Muslims.
Which two of the following religions do not allow adherents to eat pork?
Buddhism and Islam
Hinduism and Islam
Hinduism and Judaism
Islam and Judaism
Question 12 Explanation:
Pork is forbidden in Islam and Judaism. Religiously faithful Hindu do not eat beef.
English is a(n)
Question 13 Explanation:
English is a West Germanic language that is part of the Indo-European language family.
The Romance languages are descended from
Question 14 Explanation:
The five major Romance languages are French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish. They are descended from Latin.
What is the most commonly language spoken in Brazil?
Question 15 Explanation:
The Portuguese colonized Brazil. Most of the rest of Latin America was colonized by the Spanish.
What is the most commonly spoken language in the People’s Republic of China?
Question 16 Explanation:
Mandarin is a language that is part of the Chinese language group and the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese itself is not a language but a group of related languages.
Which of the following pairs of countries is physically divided by two languages?
Belgium and Canada
Canada and Germany
Canada and Mexico
Mexico and Germany
Question 17 Explanation:
Belgium is divided into Flanders, which uses Flemish, and Wallonia, which uses French.
Swahili is a lingua franca in
Question 18 Explanation:
A lingua franca is a common language used for business purposes. Swahili is most common in east Africa. English, however, is the world’s largest lingua franca.
The various American English dialects are the result of
Lack of a strong literary tradition
Settlers from different parts of England
Question 19 Explanation:
As different groups left England during the colonial period, they settled in different American colonies and brought their distinct accents with them.
Hebrew is an example of
A creolized language
An extinct language
An isolated language
A revived language
Question 20 Explanation:
Hebrew ceased to be used in daily life after the Arab conquest of Palestine in the fourth century, but Hebrew was still used for religious purposes. Israel was established as an independent state in 1948, and Jews came from all over the world, speaking different languages. But everyone knew the Hebrew religious words, so Hebrew was revived as a common language. Elizer Ben-Yehuda invented four thousand new words for every object or invention that was unknown in ancient times.
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