Services Quiz

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Question 1
Ancient settlements usually located in river valleys for what purpose?

A
Agriculture
B
Defense
C
Fishing
D
Trade
Question 1 Explanation: 
Food is the first necessity people will meet in any society. The rivers would flood and provide water to plants.
Question 2
Which of the following was not an early river valley civilization?

A
Indus
B
Mississippi
C
Nile
D
Tigris-Euphrates
Question 2 Explanation: 
While the Mississippi is an important river, it is not one of the four classic ancient river valley civilizations. The Yangtze (Yellow) River is missing.
Question 3
All of the following were services in early river valley cities except

A
Defensive armies
B
Defensive walls
C
Religious temples
D
Scholarly libraries
Question 3 Explanation: 
Scholarly libraries are typically associated with later cities, such as Athens or Rome, that were part of larger civilizations beyond a river valley.
Question 4
What was the first city in the world to reach a population of one million people?

A
Athens
B
Beijing
C
London
D
Rome
Question 4 Explanation: 
London industrialized first and reached one million people first.
Question 5
When examining the twenty most populous cities in the world, one finds the fewest of them in

A
Africa
B
Australia
C
Europe
D
South America
Question 5 Explanation: 
Australia is largely desert.
Question 6
Which of the following services are the most commonly found services in a large settlement?

A
Business services
B
Consumer services
C
Entertainment services
D
Public services
Question 6 Explanation: 
Consumer services make up nearly half of all services in an average settlement. In large settlements, it may be more than half.
Question 7
Which of the following is not primarily a consumer service?

A
Banking
B
Education
C
Health
D
Retail and wholesale
Question 7 Explanation: 
Banking is a business service because all of a bank’s large accounts are businesses.
Question 8
All of the following are global cities except

A
London
B
New York
C
Tokyo
D
Washington, D.C.
Question 8 Explanation: 
While Washington, D.C., is important in world politics and while it offers many cultural amenities, it lacks a significant number of multinational corporations, and thus, does not meet all criteria for global city status.
Question 9
Walter Cristaller’s Central Place Theory groups consumer services into

A
Circles
B
Triangles
C
Squares
D
Hexagons
Question 9 Explanation: 
Looking at a map of Cristaller’s Central Place Theory reveals hexagons to be the basis of his maps.
Question 10
The distance people are willing to travel to obtain a service is the

A
Diameter
B
Radius
C
Range
D
Threshold
Question 10 Explanation: 
This is a definition. Radius would be correct if we were concerned with circles instead of hexagons. A diameter is twice the radius.
Question 11
The minimum number of people needed to support a particular service in a given settlement is the

A
Diameter
B
Radius
C
Range
D
Threshold
Question 11 Explanation: 
If a business cannot meet its threshold, then it will not have enough customers to stay in business.
Question 12
When using Cristaller’s Central Place Theory, the range is

A
From one end of the market area to the other
B
From one end of the market to the market center
C
The level of services available in the market
D
The distance people are willing to travel outside the market to obtain a service
Question 12 Explanation: 
A range is like a radius but for Cristaller’s hexagons instead of for circles.
Question 13
Which of the following predicts that consumers will be drawn to a larger settlement to shop instead of a smaller settlement?

A
The galactic city model
B
The gravity model
C
The Hoyt sector model
D
The Von Thünen model
Question 13 Explanation: 
An easy way to remember this lesson is that, just like planets, large bodies have stronger gravity than small bodies.
Question 14
The availability of the internet and express package delivery accelerate which of the following?

A
Agglomeration
B
Counter-urbanization
C
Gentrification
D
Suburbanization
Question 14 Explanation: 
Counter-urbanization is the movement of people away from cities to rural areas. This phenomenon was uncommon until recently because moving to a small town used to mean giving up services. But the internet and express package delivery make it possible to purchase items that used to only be available in cities.
Question 15
A country that follows which of the following rules would probably have problems with access to services?

A
The Harris and Ullman multiple nuclei rule
B
The galactic city rule
C
The primate city rule
D
The ranks-size rule
Question 15 Explanation: 
Countries that follow the primate city rule have one large city that has a high level of services, while other cities remain small and have few services.
Question 16
Which of the following countries follows the rank-size rule?

A
Argentina
B
Canada
C
France
D
Indonesia
Question 16 Explanation: 
Canada has several large cities of varying scale and, therefore, follows the rank-size rule as opposed to the primate city rule.
Question 17
If a country follows the rank-size rule, if the largest city has 1,000,000 inhabitants, how many people live in the fourth largest city?

A
40,000
B
100,00
C
250,000
D
400,000
Question 17 Explanation: 
1,000,000 * ¼ = 250,000. The second largest city would have about 500,000, and the third largest city would have about 333,333 people.
Question 18
A city’s economic base is a combination of

A
Basic industries and non-basic industries
B
Manufacturing and services
C
Industry and recreation
D
Jobs in each sector of the economy
Question 18 Explanation: 
Basic industries export primarily to consumers outside the settlement. Non-basic industries export primarily to consumers inside the settlement. Basic industries are more important than non-basic industries when trying to improve an economic base.
Question 19
Talented individuals in North America tend to migrate to

A
Large cities
B
Mid-sized cities
C
Small towns
D
Suburbs
Question 19 Explanation: 
Talented people are well-educated and creative. They usually work in fields that give them a significant disposable income. Large cities offer a wide variety of services that interest talented people.
Question 20
Most people in North America live in

A
Cities
B
Metropolitan areas
C
Suburbs
D
Small towns
Question 20 Explanation: 
Metropolitan areas include a city and all nearby suburbs.
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