South America Geography Quiz

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Question 1
The Amazon River runs through

A
Brazil
B
Colombia
C
Paraguay
D
Venezuela
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Amazon is the world’s longest river and runs through Brazil.
Question 2
The Andes Mountains divide

A
Argentina and Bolivia
B
Argentina and Chile
C
Argentina and Uruguay
D
Chile and Peru
Question 2 Explanation: 
Argentina and Chile are two of the longest countries in the world from north to south, and are separated by the Andes Mountains.
Question 3
The llanos and pampas are both

A
Deserts
B
Grasslands
C
Mountainous areas
D
Rainforests
Question 3 Explanation: 
South America has all four of these types of climates, but the llanos and pampas are both grasslands.
Question 4
The llanos are in _______________ South America, and the pampas are in _______________ South America.

A
central, northern
B
central, southern
C
northern, southern
D
southern, northern
Question 4 Explanation: 
The llanos are east of the Andes in Colombia and Venezuela. The pampas are in Uruguay, Argentina, and the southern-most part of Brazil.
Question 5
Countries in the llanos and pampas regions have experienced increases in the consumption of which of the following in the twenty-first century?

A
Beans
B
Beef
C
Quinoa
D
Seafood
Question 5 Explanation: 
Because they are grasslands, both areas are ideal for grazing cattle. Also, as incomes increase in both regions, demand for beef has increased.
Question 6
Which of the following is NOT part of the Amazon rainforest?

A
Bolivia
B
Brazil
C
Paraguay
D
Peru
Question 6 Explanation: 
Paraguay is south of the rainforest.
Question 7
What is one effect of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest?

A
Increased amounts of atmospheric oxygen
B
Increased amounts of acid rain
C
Reduction in biodiversity
D
Reduction in farmland
Question 7 Explanation: 
Approximately 20% of the Amazon rainforest has been lost through deforestation. The land that has been cleared is mostly used for cattle ranching. A smaller percentage is used by farmers for small-scale subsistence agriculture.

Deforestation causes an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide, which contributes to climate change. It also causes extinction of plants and animals, reducing biodiversity.
Question 8
What problem can be created by El Niño in South America?

A
Droughts
B
Earthquakes
C
Floods
D
Volcanoes
Question 8 Explanation: 
El Niño describes a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central Pacific Ocean, including the Pacific coast of South America. It causes warm and wet weather in April–October along the coasts of northern Peru and Ecuador, causing major flooding whenever El Niño is strong.
Question 9
Which of the following has a tundra?

A
Argentina
B
Chile
C
Colombia
D
Uruguay
Question 9 Explanation: 
Chile runs further south than Argentina and has a tundra area not far from Antarctica.
Question 10
Which of the following borders Panama?

A
Brazil
B
Colombia
C
Ecuador
D
Venezuela
Question 10 Explanation: 
Not only does Colombia border Panama, but Panama was also part of Colombia until 1903. The United States encouraged Panamanian independence so the U.S. could begin work on the Panama canal.
Question 11
How many South American countries or territories lie completely in the northern hemisphere?

A
Zero
B
Two
C
Four
D
Six
Question 11 Explanation: 
There are three South American countries north of the equator. They are, from west to east: Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname. Continuing east, one finds the territory for French Guyana.
Question 12
In which of the following countries do most people speak Spanish?

A
Brazil
B
Guyana
C
Suriname
D
Uruguay
Question 12 Explanation: 
Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese, Guyana by the English, and Suriname by the Dutch. These languages are still spoken there.
Question 13
Which of the following was best known for its silver mines?

A
Bolivia
B
Guyana
C
Paraguay
D
Peru
Question 13 Explanation: 
Bolivia had the world’s largest silver mines.
Question 14
Which of the following is a major exporter of oil?

A
Brazil
B
Ecuador
C
Suriname
D
Venezuela
Question 14 Explanation: 
In 2008, crude oil production in Venezuela was the tenth-highest in the world.
Question 15
Which of the following hosted the Olympics?

A
Argentina
B
Brazil
C
Chile
D
Colombia
Question 15 Explanation: 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, hosted the summer Olympics in 2016. It was the first time any South American country hosted the Olympics.
Question 16
Of the following, which is a largest export of Colombia?

A
Coffee
B
Diamonds
C
Natural gas
D
Rubber
Question 16 Explanation: 
Colombia is the world’s third largest exporter of coffee, after Brazil and Vietnam.
Question 17
Which of the following has partnered in a trade alliance with China, India, Russia, and South Africa?

A
Brazil
B
Colombia
C
Ecuador
D
Venezuela
Question 17 Explanation: 
The countries are collectively known as BRICS (Brazil, Russia, China, India, and South Africa).
Question 18
Which of the following accurately describes the governments of Argentina and Chile?

A
Authoritarian in the twentieth century but democratic in the twenty-first century
B
Communist in the twentieth century but democratic in the twenty-first century
C
Democratic in the twentieth century but authoritarian in the twenty-first century
D
Authoritarian in the twenty-first century but communist in the twentieth century
Question 18 Explanation: 
Both countries struggled with authoritarian regimes in the twentieth century, including Juan Perón in Argentina (1946–52, 1952–55, and 1973–74) and Augusto Pinochet in Chile (1973–1990). Both countries are now democratic.
Question 19
Which of the following does NOT involve South America?

A
The European Space Agency
B
The Organization of American States
C
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
D
The North American Free Trade Organization
Question 19 Explanation: 
While there has been talk of expanding NAFTA south, past Mexico, it has not yet happened. The European Space Agency launches satellites from French Guyana. Ecuador and Venezuela are members of OPEC.
Question 20
You are the pilot of a plane. You leave Chicago and head directly south. You fly for many hours. Just as you reach the equator, your engine has problems and you have to jump out of the plane with a parachute to save yourself. You land safely but are

A
Cold, because you are in the Andes Mountains
B
Damp, because you are in the Amazon rainforest
C
Wet, because you are in the Pacific Ocean
D
None of the above
Question 20 Explanation: 
Most people do not realize that South America is almost entirely east of North America. Therefore, you would be in the Pacific Ocean.
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