South Asia Geography Quiz

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Question 1
The mountain chain that runs through South Asia is the

A
Alps
B
Deccans
C
Himalayas
D
Urals
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Alps are in Europe, and the Urals separate Europe and Asia. The Deccan plateau is not a mountain chain.
Question 2
The two major rivers in India are the

A
Ganges and Indus
B
Ganges and Yellow
C
Indus and Volga
D
Indus and Yellow
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Volga is in Russia, and the Yellow is in China.
Question 3
If traveling from Pakistan to Bangladesh, one would travel

A
East
B
North
C
South
D
West
Question 3 Explanation: 
One would travel east through India.
Question 4
Seasonal winds that bring intense rainfall during part of the year are

A
Cyclones
B
Deltas
C
Hurricanes
D
Monsoons
Question 4 Explanation: 
The monsoons hold great sway over India’s climate. A delta is a triangular-shaped landform. It forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water.
Question 5
Which of the following is an island?

A
Bangladesh
B
Bhutan
C
Nepal
D
Sri Lanka
Question 5 Explanation: 
Sri Lanka and the Maldives are the only sovereign islands in South Asia.
Question 6
Bhutan and Nepal are known for

A
Fishing
B
Herding
C
Hog production
D
Rice cultivation
Question 6 Explanation: 
Bhutan and Nepal are in the Himalayas, which rules out fishing and rice and makes hogs unlikely.
Question 7
Hinduism and Buddhism

A
Are both polytheistic
B
Have a single founder
C
Originated in Nepal
D
Support the notion of caste
Question 7 Explanation: 
Both religions are polytheistic (belief in more than one God). Buddhism has a single founder and originated in Nepal. Hindusim supports caste—a class structure that is determined by birth.
Question 8
What is the most common religion in India?

A
Buddhism
B
Christianity
C
Hinduism
D
Islam
Question 8 Explanation: 
Hinduism is most common. Islam is second-most common.
Question 9
What is the most common religion in Pakistan?

A
Buddhism
B
Christianity
C
Hinduism
D
Islam
Question 9 Explanation: 
Islam is practiced by more than 95 percent of the population. India and Pakistan were partitioned by the British along religious lines.
Question 10
What is the most common religion in Bangladesh?

A
Buddhism
B
Christianity
C
Hinduism
D
Islam
Question 10 Explanation: 
Islam is practiced by more than 90 percent of the population. India and Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) were partitioned by the British along religious lines.
Question 11
Which of the following used non-violent protest techniques to achieve his goals?

A
Mohandas Gandhi
B
Martin Luther King
C
Nelson Mandela
D
All of the above
Question 11 Explanation: 
Gandhi led the movement that resulted in India’s freedom from British rule. Martin Luther King was the primary leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. Nelson Mandela worked to end apartheid in South Africa.
Question 12
Which of the following has the longest history of democracy?

A
Bhutan
B
India
C
Nepal
D
Pakistan
Question 12 Explanation: 
Bhutan and Nepal are monarchies. Pakistan is currently a democracy but has also had periods of military rule.
Question 13
What is one of the main causes of poverty in Bangladesh?

A
Desertification
B
Drought
C
Overpopulation
D
Warfare
Question 13 Explanation: 
Bangladesh is one of the most overpopulated countries in the world.
Question 14
Which of the following are problems in slums?

A
Slums have very poor infrastructure, education, and healthcare
B
They do not have clean water or electricity
C
Automobiles clog streets and pollute the air
D
All of the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
People crowd into slums due to overpopulation. Overpopulation also produced pollution. High poverty keeps tax revenue low, which makes it hard for government to provide public services.
Question 15
What is a push factor that helps explain the way the rural and urban populations of India are changing?

A
Drought in rural villages
B
Factory jobs in the city
C
Air pollution in the city
D
Friends in rural villages
Question 15 Explanation: 
Drought causes people to leave, which makes it a push factor.
Question 16
What is a pull factor that helps explain the way the rural and urban populations of India are changing?

A
Drought in rural villages
B
Factory jobs in the city
C
Air pollution in the city
D
Friends in rural villages
Question 16 Explanation: 
New job opportunities in factories attract or pull people to cities.
Question 17
Which of the following is the most populous city in India?

A
Calcutta
B
Delhi
C
Karachi
D
Mumbai
Question 17 Explanation: 
Delhi is the third-most populous city in the world. Karachi is the most populous city in Pakistan.
Question 18
What was one result of the Green Revolution for India?

A
A new government
B
A great increase in recycling
C
A great increase in food production
D
A sharp reduction in the use of fossil fuels
Question 18 Explanation: 
The Green Revolution is the use of scientific agricultural methods, including pesticides, herbicides, high-yield seeds, and genetically-modified seeds, to produce large quantities of food.
Question 19
Which of the following is true of India?

A
Diet has improved
B
More jobs are in agriculture
C
The middle class is shrinking
D
Fewer jobs require proficiency in English
Question 19 Explanation: 
Diet has improved as a result of the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution has also decreased the need for agricultural workers. India’s growing role in the global economy has increased its middle class and the number of jobs that require English.
Question 20
Every time you drink tap water, you can thank someone living thousands of years ago in

A
Bangladesh
B
India
C
Pakistan
D
Sri Lanka
Question 20 Explanation: 
Running, piped-in water was invented in India more than four thousand years ago.
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