Southeast Asia Geography Quiz

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Question 1
A tsunami is a

A
Giant wave
B
Tropical hurricane
C
Moist seasonal wind
D
Connection between two landmasses
Question 1 Explanation: 
A typhoon is a tropical hurricane. A monsoon is a moist seasonal wind. An isthmus is a connection between two landmasses.
Question 2
Most scientists think ancient island dwellers reached their Southeast Asian islands by

A
Canoe
B
Raft
C
Sailboat
D
Walking
Question 2 Explanation: 
Most scientists think a land bridge formed and allowed people to walk to the Southeast Asian island. People probably took boats to the Pacific islands.
Question 3
Which of the following is not a fragmented state?

A
Indonesia
B
Malaysia
C
Philippines
D
Thailand
Question 3 Explanation: 
A fragmented state is in pieces. Malaysia has two parts—a peninsula and an island. Indonesia is composed of thousands of islands.
Question 4
Which of the following was previously known as Burma?

A
Cambodia
B
Brunei
C
Myanmar
D
Thailand
Question 4 Explanation: 
Myanmar was known as Burma when it was a British colony.
Question 5
Which is further east?

A
Laos
B
Myanmar
C
Thailand
D
Vietnam
Question 5 Explanation: 
In order from west to east, the states are Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam.
Question 6
Which of the following was part of the United States?

A
Laos
B
Philippines
C
Singapore
D
Vietnam
Question 6 Explanation: 
The United States acquired the Philippines as part of the Spanish-American War.
Question 7
Which of the following has a history of communism?

A
East Timor
B
Indonesia
C
Malaysia
D
Vietnam
Question 7 Explanation: 
North Vietnam was a communist country formed in 1945. North Vietnam defeated South Vietnam in the Vietnam war, and in 1976 the country was unified under a communist government.
Question 8
Which of the following is a city-state?

A
Brunei
B
East Timor
C
Malaysia
D
Singapore
Question 8 Explanation: 
Brunei and East Timor are small but not as small as Singapore.
Question 9
Which of the following broke away from Indonesia?

A
Brunei
B
Cambodia
C
East Timor
D
Thailand
Question 9 Explanation: 
East Timor gained independence in 2002 after a brutal civil war.
Question 10
What is the most common religion in Indonesia?

A
Buddhism
B
Christianity
C
Hinduism
D
Islam
Question 10 Explanation: 
Indonesia has more Muslims than any other country in the world.
Question 11
What is the most common religion in the Philippines?

A
Buddhism
B
Christianity
C
Hinduism
D
Islam
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Philippines were colonized by Spain, and missionaries converted local people to Roman Catholicism, which is a branch of Christianity.
Question 12
What is the most common religion in mainland Southeast Asia?

A
Buddhism
B
Christianity
C
Hinduism
D
Islam
Question 12 Explanation: 
As in East Asia, most people are Buddhist.
Question 13
Which of the following has had the greatest cultural influence on mainland Southeast Asia?

A
China
B
India
C
Korea
D
Japan
Question 13 Explanation: 
China has conquered Southeast Asia more than once and has tried to assimilate Southeast Asian cultural groups.
Question 14
Which of the following has experienced the least amount of change in Southeast Asia in the last hundred years?

A
Clothing
B
Language
C
Religion
D
Technology
Question 14 Explanation: 
Southeast Asians have adopted western clothing in the last century. They speak English and use technology at increasing rates.
Question 15
Mineral deposits have _______________, and fish have ______________ in Southeast Asia since the 1970s.

A
decreased, decreased
B
decreased, increased
C
increased, decreased
D
increased, increased
Question 15 Explanation: 
Mineral deposits have decreased due to increased mining and industrialization. Fish have decreased due to overfishing for a hungry population both in Southeast Asia and abroad.
Question 16
What is the most commonly grown grain in Southeast Asia?

A
Corn
B
Rice
C
Rye
D
Wheat
Question 16 Explanation: 
Rice is the staple crop and can easily be grown due to plenty of rainfall and standing water.
Question 17
Which of these statements about the region’s island volcanoes is true?

A
Many island volcanoes have been inactive for a long time
B
Most island volcanoes are still active
C
Erupting volcanoes often create poor soil condition
D
People avoid living near volcanoes
Question 17 Explanation: 
Though the volcanoes in other parts of the Ring of Fire may be dormant, the volcanoes in Southeast Asia are very active. They do not erupt often but are still active.
Question 18
Which is the greatest threat to elephants?

A
Global warming
B
Loss of habitat
C
Poachers
D
Volcanic activity
Question 18 Explanation: 
Although global warming and poachers are problems, the biggest threat to elephants is their loss of habitat as humans clear rainforests to make way for agriculture.
Question 19
Which of the following has the highest standard of living?

A
Malaysia
B
Singapore
C
Thailand
D
Vietnam
Question 19 Explanation: 
Singapore has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. It is higher than that of the United States.
Question 20
Your plane lands in a country in Southeast Asia. You rent a car to drive toward the capital city. As you start to drive, you notice a sign that says that capital is 400 miles away. You must be in

A
Cambodia
B
Laos
C
Myanmar
D
Vietnam
Question 20 Explanation: 
The fact that the sign was posted in miles makes it clear that you are in Myanmar. Myanmar, which was colonized by the British, still uses the Imperial System of measurement. It has started to use the metric system, but usage of "miles" is still common.
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