Spatial Thinking Quiz

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Question 1
Which of the following is a characteristic of situation?

A
Latitude and longitude
B
Relative location
C
Unique cultural characteristics
D
Unique physical characteristics
Question 1 Explanation: 
Situation describes something’s location relative to other locations.
Question 2
You give your friend directions to your house. These directions represent

A
Absolute location
B
Relative location
C
Place
D
Region
Question 2 Explanation: 
People use landmarks when giving directions. Therefore, relative location is correct. A street address is absolute location.
Question 3
Which of the following pairs does not belong?

A
Map—geography
B
Graph—economics
C
Primary sources—political science
D
Timeline—history
Question 3 Explanation: 
Maps represent geographical information, graphs represent economic data, and timelines represent chronologies.
Question 4
Which of the following is not an example of the cultural landscape?

A
A highway system
B
Human migratory patterns
C
A national monument
D
A rainforest
Question 4 Explanation: 
A rainforest is part of the natural or physical environment. All the other choices were built by humans.
Question 5
Which of the following is the study of the relationship between human beings and their physical environments?

A
Anthropology
B
Cultural ecology
C
Environmental determinism
D
Possibilism
Question 5 Explanation: 
Anthropology is the study of culture but does not necessarily involve the physical environment. The others are theories that involve the relationship between human beings and their physical environments but are not the study of those relationships.
Question 6
The relationship between people’s food choices prior to the twentieth century may best be explained by

A
Anthropology
B
Cultural ecology
C
Environmental determinism
D
Possibilism
Question 6 Explanation: 
Prior to the twentieth century, people chose food based on whatever was available to them in their natural environment.
Question 7
Which of the following regions have fixed boundaries?

A
Formal regions
B
Frontiers
C
Functional regions
D
Perceptual/vernacular regions
Question 7 Explanation: 
A fixed boundary is what makes a region formal.
Question 8
Which of the following regions are associated with nodes, gradations, and spheres?

A
Formal regions
B
Frontiers
C
Functional regions
D
Perceptual/vernacular regions
Question 8 Explanation: 
Functional regions do not have borders. They have some kind of phenomenon concentrated in one place (a node) that then diffuses by gradations through spheres.
Question 9
In the United States, “the South” is which of the following regions?

A
Formal
B
Frontier
C
Functional
D
Perceptual/vernacular
Question 9 Explanation: 
A perceptual or vernacular region exists in people’s minds, but “the South” can mean a lot of things to different people. It could mean former Confederate States, former slave states, or religious states (the Bible Belt) but probably does not include states in the southwestern United States.
Question 10
Which of the following pairs are not usually associated with each other?

A
Functional regions—diffusion
B
Regions—common characteristics
C
Shatter belt—instability
D
Vernacular regions—borders and nodes
Question 10 Explanation: 
Formal regions have borders. Functional regions have nodes.
Question 11
Which of the following pairs are opposites?

A
Absolute location—latitude and longitude
B
Hierarchical diffusion—distance decay
C
Possibilism—environmental determinism
D
Site—characteristics of place
Question 11 Explanation: 
The theory of environmental determinism says people’s cultures are determined by their environment. Possibilism is the theory that the environment sets certain constraints or limitations but that culture is otherwise determined by social conditions.
Question 12
Which of the following is not a form of expansion diffusion?

A
Contagious
B
Hierarchical
C
Relocation
D
Stimulus
Question 12 Explanation: 
Expansion diffusion occurs when an idea or innovation spreads outward from a hearth. Relocation diffusion is migratory.
Question 13
Diffusion of fashion trends is usually which type of diffusion?

A
Contagious
B
Hierarchical
C
Relocation
D
Stimulus
Question 13 Explanation: 
Fashion trends usually originate in big cities like New York City or Los Angeles, then diffuse to medium-size cites, then small cities and small towns.
Question 14
Viral videos are an example of which of the following forms of diffusion?

A
Contagious
B
Hierarchical
C
Relocation
D
Stimulus
Question 14 Explanation: 
Viral videos spread everywhere all at the same time.
Question 15
The Symbian is considered by many historians to be the first modern smartphone. Today, other smartphones with a variety of apps are far more popular than the Symbian ever was. The diffusion of smartphone technology from the Symbian to these other phones is an example of which of the following forms of diffusion?

A
Contagious
B
Hierarchical
C
Relocation
D
Stimulus
Question 15 Explanation: 
In stimulus diffusion, a phenomenon may not spread but the underlying concept upon which it is based bill spread.
Question 16
The Anytown Journal is a newspaper in Anytown, USA. The further one is from Anytown, USA, the less likely one is to read the newspaper. This phenomenon represents which of the following forms of diffusion?

A
Contagious
B
Hierarchical
C
Relocation
D
Stimulus
Question 16 Explanation: 
In hierarchical diffusion, an innovation will be most densely concentrated near the hearth and will diffuse from there, becoming less popular the farther it is from the hearth.
Question 17
Which of the following regions best represents readership of the Anytown Journal?

A
Formal
B
Frontier
C
Functional
D
Vernacular
Question 17 Explanation: 
Anytown, USA, is a hearth or node for a functional region, in this case newspaper readership.
Question 18
Transnational corporations represent which of the following forms of globalization?

A
Cultural
B
Economic
C
Political
D
Social
Question 18 Explanation: 
Transnational corporations do business in more than one country and, hence, represent economic globalization.
Question 19
The adoption of common fashion trends represents which of the following forms of globalization?

A
Cultural
B
Economic
C
Political
D
Social
Question 19 Explanation: 
Fashion is part of culture.
Question 20
Globalization has

A
Decreased uniform consumption preferences
B
Improved communication
C
Preserved local customs
D
Been universally accepted
Question 20 Explanation: 
Globalization has connected people through telephone, television, the internet, and many other forms of media.
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