Sub-Saharan Africa
Geography Quiz

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Question 1
The Republic of the Congo is located in _____________ Africa.

A
central
B
east
C
southern
D
west
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Congo is northeast of Angola and is the largest country in Central Africa.
Question 2
Ethiopia is located in _____________ Africa.

A
central
B
east
C
southern
D
west
Question 2 Explanation: 
Ethiopia is in the east. Sudan is its neighbor to the west.
Question 3
Kenya is located in _____________ Africa.

A
central
B
east
C
southern
D
west
Question 3 Explanation: 
Kenya is also in East Africa and is south of Ethiopia.
Question 4
Nigeria is located in _____________ Africa.

A
central
B
east
C
southern
D
west
Question 4 Explanation: 
Nigeria is in western Africa. Cameroon is its neighbor to the east.
Question 5
Somalia is located in _____________ Africa.

A
central
B
east
C
southern
D
west
Question 5 Explanation: 
Somalia is on the east coast and is east of Ethiopia.
Question 6
The Sahel is a

A
Desert
B
Lake
C
Mountain
D
Savanna
Question 6 Explanation: 
The Sahel is a savanna, which is a grassland.
Question 7
When traveling from the northern or southern coasts of Africa to the interior of Africa, one typically finds vegetation in what order?

A
Desert, grassland, rainforest, woodland
B
Desert, grassland, woodland, rainforest
C
Desert, woodland, grassland, rainforest
D
Grassland, desert, woodland, rainforest
Question 7 Explanation: 
The general pattern is from dry to wet.
Question 8
What kind of agriculture is most common in Africa?

A
Commerical
B
Plantation
C
Ranching
D
Subsistence
Question 8 Explanation: 
Most farmers grow only enough food for their families with perhaps a small surplus that is traded to neighboring families.
Question 9
Which of the following resources is not commonly found in Southern Africa?

A
Copper
B
Diamonds
C
Gold
D
Petroleum
Question 9 Explanation: 
Oil is found in other parts of Africa but not the southern part.
Question 10
Which of the following helps reduce deforestation?

A
Ecotourism
B
Ethnobotany
C
Hydroelectric power
D
Poaching
Question 10 Explanation: 
Ecotourism is tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural environments, especially to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.
Question 11
Where did the Dutch settle and why did they settle there?

A
In the east so they could trade with Arabs
B
Along the Congo River so they could take up farming
C
On the Cape of Good Hope so they could establish a seaport
D
In the interior so they could be safe from religious persecution
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Dutch colonized the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa, partly to farm, but also because that was an important point at which European ships could resupply on their way to and from Asia.
Question 12
What was one of the main problems with the borders that Europeans established in Africa?

A
They crossed too many rivers and lakes
B
They divided some cultural groups and grouped some rivals together
C
They blocked British colonies from the ocean
D
They made it very difficult for French colonists to transport resources
Question 12 Explanation: 
Europeans ignored traditional cultural rivalries, which resulted in armed conflict in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Question 13
Which of the following is an example of a lingua franca?

A
English
B
Swahili
C
Both
D
Neither
Question 13 Explanation: 
A lingua franca is a common language learned by several different peoples so they can communicate with each other for business purposes.
Question 14
What was apartheid?

A
Discrimination against Africans in public places
B
A form of slavery
C
Restrictions on voting rights
D
Rigid separation of the races
Question 14 Explanation: 
Apartheid went beyond discrimination or segregation and required black Africans to live in entirely separate homelands.
Question 15
Where was apartheid practiced?

A
Angola
B
The Congo
C
Kenya
D
South Africa
Question 15 Explanation: 
Apartheid was practiced in South Africa after the British left in the early twentieth century. About 90 percent of the population was black. The white South Africans were descendants of the English and the Dutch.
Question 16
What technique did Nelson Mandela use to protest apartheid?

A
Asking the United Nations to invade
B
Leveling economic sanctions on exports
C
Massive revolution
D
Non-violent protest
Question 16 Explanation: 
Nelson Mandela was inspired to use non-violence by Mahatma Gandhi.
Question 17
Why do the average Nigerians not benefit from oil profits?

A
Warlords keep the oil for themselves
B
Foreign oil companies control the oil industry
C
The oil wells ran dry during the era of imperialism
D
Demand for oil has decreased as more people turn to renewable energy
Question 17 Explanation: 
When European countries conquered Africa, they removed many of the natural resources, leaving Africans poor and with little change of economic advancement. Nigeria has plentiful supplies of oil but has to rely on oil companies in more-developed countries to drill its oil. Those foreign companies keep most of the profits.
Question 18
What has been the primary source of tension in Somalia?

A
Clan
B
Crime
C
Language
D
Religion
Question 18 Explanation: 
As in many other places, divergent cultural groups were placed in the same borders by European powers, and the result was violence in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.
Question 19
What was the primary cause of hunger in Ethiopia?

A
Drought
B
Earthquake
C
Flood
D
Government policies
Question 19 Explanation: 
Though drought was a factor in the famine of 1983–85, most geographers now say the famine was mainly caused by government policies against rebel groups.
Question 20
Realistically speaking, if a lion was ever king of anything, it would be king of the _______________.

A
jungle
B
mountain
C
rainforest
D
savanna
Question 20 Explanation: 
Neither (A) or (C) can be correct because they are synonyms. Lions live in savannas.
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