Traditional Agriculture Quiz

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Question 1
Which of the following has the least amount of arable land compared to total area?

A
Brazil
B
Canada
C
Egypt
D
Netherlands
Question 1 Explanation: 
While the Netherlands is the smallest country of those given, and while Canada has the smallest amount of arable land, less than 10 percent of Egypt is arable.
Question 2
Subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture differ in all the following ways except

A
The amount of food produced
B
The importance of the crop to the farmer
C
The income derived from the crop
D
The technology used to grow the crop
Question 2 Explanation: 
Commercial agriculture uses advanced technology, and it produces more food and more income than subsistence agriculture. Both types of agriculture, however, are very important to the farmer as a means to provide for a family.
Question 3
What was the earliest way in which humans acquired food?

A
Hunting and gathering
B
Pastoral nomadism
C
Shifting cultivation
D
Slash-and-burn agriculture
Question 3 Explanation: 
Hunting and gathering preceded agriculture. All other answers are forms of agriculture.
Question 4
Which of the following are closest in meaning?

A
Pastoral nomadism and plantation agriculture
B
Pastoral nomadism and shifting cultivation
C
Plantation agriculture and shifting cultivation
D
Shifting cultivation and slash-and-burn agriculture
Question 4 Explanation: 
Under shifting cultivation, land is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years.
Question 5
Which of the following is true of shifting cultivation?

A
It was conducted in a space of less than one hundred acres
B
The soil was good for ten years or more
C
It lasted only a few generations
D
It required frequent movement
Question 5 Explanation: 
Shifting cultivation uses up the soil’s nutrients after a few years. The land is then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored. Families often return to the land after several years.
Question 6
Subsistence agriculture

A
Is no longer practiced
B
Did not involve animals
C
Traditionally occurred over large areas
D
Traditionally occurred over isolated areas
Question 6 Explanation: 
Shifting cultivation and pastoral nomadism require frequent movement and thus take place over large areas.
Question 7
The agricultural revolution occurred during the

A
Paleolithic Age
B
Neolithic Age
C
Bronze Age
D
Iron Age
Question 7 Explanation: 
The Paleolithic was the age of hunting and gathering. The Neolithic began with the invention of agriculture.
Question 8
Which of the following was not an agricultural hearth?

A
East Africa
B
South Asia
C
Southwest Asia
D
Western Europe
Question 8 Explanation: 
Agriculture is one of the hallmarks of civilization, and East Africa, South Asia, and Southwest Asia were some of the early centers of civilization. 
Question 9
Central Mexico was probably the hearth for

A
Barley
B
Corn (maize)
C
Rice
D
Wheat
Question 9 Explanation: 
Barley originated in East Africa or South Asia.
Question 10
Southwest Asia was probably the hearth for

A
Millet
B
Rice
C
Sorghum
D
Wheat
Question 10 Explanation: 
Millet and sorghum both originated in Africa.
Question 11
Rice was probably first domesticated in

A
North America
B
South America
C
Southeast Asia
D
Southwest Asia
Question 11 Explanation: 
Rice probably came from Southeast Asia, though there is some evidence that it originated in East Asia or East Africa.
Question 12
The earliest civilizations watered their crops through

A
Aqueducts
B
Buckets
C
Canals
D
Floods
Question 12 Explanation: 
The technology for aqueducts and canals did not exist during the agricultural revolution, and buckets would not have been practical.
Question 13
In which of the following countries would you least likely find terracing?

A
Nepal
B
Peru
C
The Philippines
D
Turkey
Question 13 Explanation: 
Terracing is a method use to farm on mountainsides. Turkey is mostly a plateau. All other states on the list are mountainous.
Question 14
Which of the following climates would most likely support pastoral nomadism?

A
Arid
B
Semi-arid
C
Temperate
D
Tropical
Question 14 Explanation: 
Semi-arid climates get just enough rain to grow grasses. The animals eat the grasses and are either slaughtered or used for milk.
Question 15
The most common agricultural settlement pattern across the Great Plains is the

A
Clustered rural settlement
B
Dispersed rural settlement
C
Linear system
D
Long-lot system
Question 15 Explanation: 
Flying over the Great Plains, you will notice isolated farmsteads in rectangles. The farmers live apart from each other.
Question 16
A long-lot system would likely provide equal access to all but which of the following?

A
Canals
B
Rivers
C
Roads
D
Wells
Question 16 Explanation: 
The long-lots are literally long, narrow plots of land lined up along a canal, river, or road.
Question 17
Which of the following was not a reason that New Englanders followed the clustered rural settlement pattern?

A
To protect themselves from Native Americans
B
To reinforce a common identity
C
To maintain a sense of community
D
To farm communally
Question 17 Explanation: 
New Englanders owned their land individually, though ownership was transferred upon agreement with the community. All other statements are truthful.
Question 18
Which of the following is in the first ring outside a market, according to Von Thünen?

A
Animals
B
Dairy and horticulture
C
Forestry
D
Grain
Question 18 Explanation: 
Dairy and horticulture come first because they spoil first and must be shipped quickly to the market.
Question 19
According to Von Thünen land in the last ring around the market will be __________ compared to the first ring and transportation costs __________ compared to the first ring.

A
about the same, less expensive
B
about the same, more expensive
C
less expensive, more expensive
D
more expensive, less expensive
Question 19 Explanation: 
The land will be less expensive because it is far from the market, but the further the distance, the greater the transportation costs.
Question 20
According to Von Thünen, why were animals in the last ring?

A
Animals are less important than diary and horticulture
B
Animals could be walked to market, thus reducing transportation costs
C
Meat does not spoil as fast as dairy products, so it can be transported from a greater distance
D
Meat generates more revenue than other agricultural products, which enables farmers to pay down expensive transportation costs
Question 20 Explanation: 
Animals also need wide open space to graze. Those spaces are only available in the last ring because farmers are dispersed there.
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