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Which of the following has the least amount of arable land compared to total area?
Question 1 Explanation:
While the Netherlands is the smallest country of those given, and while Canada has the smallest amount of arable land, less than 10 percent of Egypt is arable.
Subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture differ in all the following ways except
The amount of food produced
The importance of the crop to the farmer
The income derived from the crop
The technology used to grow the crop
Question 2 Explanation:
Commercial agriculture uses advanced technology, and it produces more food and more income than subsistence agriculture. Both types of agriculture, however, are very important to the farmer as a means to provide for a family.
What was the earliest way in which humans acquired food?
Hunting and gathering
Question 3 Explanation:
Hunting and gathering preceded agriculture. All other answers are forms of agriculture.
Which of the following are closest in meaning?
Pastoral nomadism and plantation agriculture
Pastoral nomadism and shifting cultivation
Plantation agriculture and shifting cultivation
Shifting cultivation and slash-and-burn agriculture
Question 4 Explanation:
Under shifting cultivation, land is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years.
Which of the following is true of shifting cultivation?
It was conducted in a space of less than one hundred acres
The soil was good for ten years or more
It lasted only a few generations
It required frequent movement
Question 5 Explanation:
Shifting cultivation uses up the soil’s nutrients after a few years. The land is then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored. Families often return to the land after several years.
Is no longer practiced
Did not involve animals
Traditionally occurred over large areas
Traditionally occurred over isolated areas
Question 6 Explanation:
Shifting cultivation and pastoral nomadism require frequent movement and thus take place over large areas.
The agricultural revolution occurred during the
Question 7 Explanation:
The Paleolithic was the age of hunting and gathering. The Neolithic began with the invention of agriculture.
Which of the following was not an agricultural hearth?
Question 8 Explanation:
Agriculture is one of the hallmarks of civilization, and East Africa, South Asia, and Southwest Asia were some of the early centers of civilization.
Central Mexico was probably the hearth for
Question 9 Explanation:
Barley originated in East Africa or South Asia.
Southwest Asia was probably the hearth for
Question 10 Explanation:
Millet and sorghum both originated in Africa.
Rice was probably first domesticated in
Question 11 Explanation:
Rice probably came from Southeast Asia, though there is some evidence that it originated in East Asia or East Africa.
The earliest civilizations watered their crops through
Question 12 Explanation:
The technology for aqueducts and canals did not exist during the agricultural revolution, and buckets would not have been practical.
In which of the following countries would you least likely find terracing?
Question 13 Explanation:
Terracing is a method use to farm on mountainsides. Turkey is mostly a plateau. All other states on the list are mountainous.
Which of the following climates would most likely support pastoral nomadism?
Question 14 Explanation:
Semi-arid climates get just enough rain to grow grasses. The animals eat the grasses and are either slaughtered or used for milk.
The most common agricultural settlement pattern across the Great Plains is the
Clustered rural settlement
Dispersed rural settlement
Question 15 Explanation:
Flying over the Great Plains, you will notice isolated farmsteads in rectangles. The farmers live apart from each other.
A long-lot system would likely provide equal access to all but which of the following?
Question 16 Explanation:
The long-lots are literally long, narrow plots of land lined up along a canal, river, or road.
Which of the following was not a reason that New Englanders followed the clustered rural settlement pattern?
To protect themselves from Native Americans
To reinforce a common identity
To maintain a sense of community
To farm communally
Question 17 Explanation:
New Englanders owned their land individually, though ownership was transferred upon agreement with the community. All other statements are truthful.
Which of the following is in the first ring outside a market, according to Von Thünen?
Dairy and horticulture
Question 18 Explanation:
Dairy and horticulture come first because they spoil first and must be shipped quickly to the market.
According to Von Thünen land in the last ring around the market will be __________ compared to the first ring and transportation costs __________ compared to the first ring.
about the same, less expensive
about the same, more expensive
less expensive, more expensive
more expensive, less expensive
Question 19 Explanation:
The land will be less expensive because it is far from the market, but the further the distance, the greater the transportation costs.
According to Von Thünen, why were animals in the last ring?
Animals are less important than diary and horticulture
Animals could be walked to market, thus reducing transportation costs
Meat does not spoil as fast as dairy products, so it can be transported from a greater distance
Meat generates more revenue than other agricultural products, which enables farmers to pay down expensive transportation costs
Question 20 Explanation:
Animals also need wide open space to graze. Those spaces are only available in the last ring because farmers are dispersed there.
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