Western Europe Geography Quiz

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Question 1
You are sailing from Italy to North Africa. Through which body of water do you cross?

A
The Atlantic Ocean
B
The Adriatic Sea
C
The Aegean Sea
D
The Mediterranean Sea
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Atlantic Ocean is west of Europe. The Adriatic is between Italy and the former Yugoslavia. The Aegean is between Greece and Turkey.
Question 2
Which mountain chain divides France and Spain?

A
The Alps
B
The Apennines
C
The Carpathians
D
The Pyrenees
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Alps run through Switzerland. The Apennines run down the length of Italy. The Carpathians are in eastern Europe.
Question 3
Scandinavia is a

A
Country
B
Defensive alliance
C
Peninsula
D
Tariff union
Question 3 Explanation: 
A peninsula is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides, in this case the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, and the Norwegian Sea.
Question 4
A body of water surrounded by land on three sides is a

A
Bay
B
Lake
C
Marina
D
Peninsula
Question 4 Explanation: 
Reread the question carefully and do not confuse the definition of a bay with the definition of a peninsula.
Question 5
The Romance languages are descended from

A
German
B
Greek
C
Hebrew
D
Latin
Question 5 Explanation: 
Latin diffused to Europe through the Roman empire. As the empire broke down and regions became isolated from each other, the five Romance languages evolved.
Question 6
Which of the following is NOT a Romance language?

A
English
B
French
C
Italian
D
Romanian
Question 6 Explanation: 
The five major Romance languages are French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish.
Question 7
The English language is a blend of

A
Celtic, Dutch, French
B
Celtic, French, and German
C
Celtic, German, and Latin
D
Dutch, German, Latin
Question 7 Explanation: 
Many people in England spoke Celtic until the eleventh century when England was conquered by Germans. French influences date back to a period in which the English and French thrones were tied together.
Question 8
Most people in France are

A
Lutheran
B
Muslim
C
Presbyterian
D
Roman Catholic
Question 8 Explanation: 
France is Roman Catholic, though Muslims are a growing minority. Lutherans tend to be found in northern Europe, and Presbyterians are found in Scotland.
Question 9
Generally speaking, contemporary European culture flows

A
North to south
B
South to north
C
East to west
D
West to east
Question 9 Explanation: 
Contemporary culture often originates in the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, or Italy. These countries are very populous and have high standards of living. Culture then diffuses east to countries with smaller populations, lower population densities, or lower standards of living.
Question 10
Which of the following is a “push” factor that explains why many people migrate to Europe?

A
To escape conflicts in their countries of origin
B
To purchase homes of their own
C
To have safe drinking water for their families
D
To sell goods from back home
Question 10 Explanation: 
While (B), (C), and (D) apply to some people, those answers are pull factors, not push factors. Push factors force people out of one country. Pull factors encourage people to enter a particular country.
Question 11
What is the main cause of Europe’s aging population in the twenty-first century?

A
People are living longer
B
Younger people are having fewer children
C
Governments encourage immigration of older people
D
Governments encourage emigration of younger people
Question 11 Explanation: 
People are certainly living longer (A), but life spans have been increasing for a long time. The main cause of Europe’s demographic transition in recent years is a decline in the birthrate as more young people wish to enjoy lifestyles that are not compatible with children.
Question 12
What is one effect of Europe’s aging population?

A
Workers are needed to replace senior citizens who are retiring
B
There are fewer drivers than there were ten years ago
C
Workers must work longer hours to support elderly parents
D
There are more retirement homes than single-family homes
Question 12 Explanation: 
Europe has had generous public pension systems (what Americans call social security) since the early twentieth century. But as the birthrate declines, it becomes harder to find workers who will pay the taxes to support retired people. One solution has been to allow immigrants into Europe.
Question 13
Which of the following is considered the birthplace of representative government?

A
Athens
B
London
C
Paris
D
Rome
Question 13 Explanation: 
Athens (A) is the birth place of direct democracy, not representative government. Rome (B) was a republic, which is a representative government.
Question 14
Who is the chief executive in a parliamentary system of government, and how is he/she chosen?

A
President, by majority vote of the people
B
President, by the party that controls the lower house of the legislature
C
Prime minister, by majority vote of the people
D
Prime minister, by the party that controls the lower house of the legislature
Question 14 Explanation: 
Presidents are elected by the people. Prime ministers are elected by the party that controls the lower house of the legislature. Some countries have both.
Question 15
What effect have the Alps had on Swiss government?

A
The Alps surround Switzerland and have resulted in a unitary government
B
The Alps divide Switzerland and have resulted in a federal government
C
The Alps divide Switzerland and have resulted in a confederal government
D
The Alps divide Switzerland and have resulted in anarchy
Question 15 Explanation: 
Switzerland is a confederation—a decentralized government in which the individual cantons work cooperatively through a central government.
Question 16
A tax on imports is a

A
Quota
B
Standard
C
Subsidy
D
Tariff
Question 16 Explanation: 
A tariff is a tax on imports. A quota is a restriction on the quantity of imports. Both result in higher prices for consumers, and both are used to shelter domestic industries from additional competition.
Question 17
Why was the European Union formed?

A
To treat countries as one nation
B
To unite Europe economically
C
To control how farmers get paid
D
To give workers equal wages
Question 17 Explanation: 
The European Union started out as the European Economic Community. Only since the 1990s has it begun to integrate countries politically. Each of the members is still independent.
Question 18
What is one of the benefits of using a single currency in many EU countries?

A
It allows people, money, and goods to move freely from country to country
B
It helps prevent member countries from going into heavy debt
C
It helps create an open market in which goods can be created using a tariff
D
It allows countries to maintain control of their own affairs
Question 18 Explanation: 
The single currency—the Euro—makes it much easier to do business than having several separate currencies that need to be converted from one to another.
Question 19
Why was NATO formed?

A
To encourage world government
B
As a predecessor to the European Union
C
As a defensive alliance against the Soviet Union
D
To tie the economies of the United States and Canada to Europe
Question 19 Explanation: 
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded by the United States, Canada, and ten western European countries shortly after World War II as an alliance against Soviet expansion into eastern Europe.
Question 20
You want to stand with one foot in the eastern hemisphere and one foot in the western hemisphere. Where would you go?

A
Bonn, Germany
B
Greenwich, England
C
Lisbon, Portugal
D
Madrid, Spain
Question 20 Explanation: 
The prime meridian, also known as the Greenwich meridian, runs through Greenwich, England, and separates east from west.
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